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Excavation

  • Anishte Settlement
  • Granichak
  •  
  • Bulgaria
  • Oblast Vidin
  • Obshtina Belogradchik

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Summary (English)

  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXPLORATIONS NEAR THE VILLAGE OF GRANICHAK (Sergey Torbatov, Ivailo Krumov – muzeibelogradchik@abv.bg) The Late Roman mansio located on the road between Ratiaria and Naissus was discovered in the beginning of the 1960s. Sondage A was carried out across the surrounding wall of the architectural complex and covering the room adjoining the wall. Two earlier floors of trampled clay were documented under the floor of mortar plaster of the final occupation period of the room. Late Roman sherds and two coins of Constantius II were found. Rooms Nos. 11 – 14 were explored in the northwestern corner of the architectural complex, to the north of Room No. 4. Floors of mortar plaster were explored in Rooms Nos. 11, 13 and 14. The finds discovered in the rooms comprised Late Roman sherds, fragmentary tegulae with stamps, hobnails, a bronze plate from lorica squamata and seven coins, the latest one of Honorius minted in AD 410 – 423 and dating the end of the existence of the architectural complex. Sondage B was carried out in Room No. 6 and a coin of Constantius Gallus was found. During the existence of the architectural complex, the tiles on the roof were entirely replaced. A large quantity of roof-tiles was reused as pads in the mortar floors in Rooms Nos. 13 and 14 and a midden of broken roof-tiles was discovered near the western surrounding wall of the architectural complex. The repair occurred most probably in AD 364 – 367 during the joint reign of Valentinian I and Valens. After the repair, the roof-tiles with stamp that read: DDNNAVGRAT appeared in the mansio. So far this particular stamp is attested on 131 roof-tiles and it is not known in other Late Antique archaeological sites.

  • Sergey Torbatov - Archaeological Institute with Museum 
  • Ivailo Krumov - Museum of History - Belogradchik 

Director

  • Ivailo Krumov - Museum of History - Belogradchik
  • Sergey Torbatov - Archaeological Institute with Museum

Team

Research Body

  • Archaeological Institute with Museum
  • Museum of History - Belogradchik

Funding Body

Images

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