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  • Cetamura del Chianti
  • Gaiole in Chianti
  • Civitamura
  • Italy
  • Tuscany
  • Province of Siena
  • Gaiole in Chianti

Summary (English)

  • Excavations focused on four projects:
    1. Zone I, the well in the center of the highest zone of the site. The shaft was cleared down to a depth of 22.5m below datum. The type of finds was almost unchanged from previous excavations in the well; a fill of mud, stones (some worked) and brick and tile, along with some Roman glass and red-gloss pottery, seemed to represent a dumping episode of largely Roman materials. The finds, of limited interest, also included an Etruscan black-gloss sherd with graffito and possible pieces of Etruscan overpainted ware and bucchero.

    2. The Roman baths and other features on the escarpment on the N side of Zone I. In this area two units measuring 3×6m yielded evidence of terracing for the baths, with Roman glass and sigillata as well as fragments of Roman lamps, some from the period of Augustus. In addition, abutting and running under a fragment of a wall from the baths emerged a pit, ca. 0.70 m. deep, with an extensive refuse deposit, mostly dense ash and pottery dating from the period 350-300 B.C. Also within the “Refuse Pit” was a rich cache of hundreds of animal bones, including the sawed antlers of one or more deer, as well as a tiny glass bead, a fine clay spindle whorl or bead, and a cylindrical lead object thought to be a base or attachment for a bronze object. Adjacent to the pit was another area that showed some of the same ash-colored earth, but in which the finds were not so consistent; included were significant examples of bucchero. A layer of Etruscan bricks, probably also dating ca. 350-300 B.C. was found running under the Roman wall fragment. Beneath the level of the bricks a large, broken, burnt pan tile, nearly intact (probably Etruscan), covered over the “Refuse Pit.”

    3. Zone II, the area S of the Late Etruscan (Hellenistic) cisterns, Structures A and B. Thick, rough sandstone foundation walls of Etruscan Late Phase II (ca. 150-75 B.C.) suggest the presence of a large building.

    4. Zone II, a unit north of the kiln, Structure K. The loci excavated in 2001 included layers of very hard yellow clay, containing Roman red-gloss and Etruscan Hellenistic wares such as Volterran Presigillata. Underneath these a layer with fairly dense carbon was begun and thus far seems to be contemporary with the Etruscan Late Phase I of Structure K (300-150 B.C.). On the E side of the unit a stretch of wall running north-south has been uncovered, having an orientation parallel to the walls of Structure K, and possibly belonging to Etruscan Late Phase I.

  • Nancy T. de Grummond - Florida State University, Tallahassee, Dept. of Classics 


  • Nancy T. de Grummond - Florida State University, Tallahassee, Dept. of Classics


  • Ornella Fonzo
  • Nòra Marosi - Studio Art Centers International, Florence
  • Rosalba Settesoldi
  • Francesco Cini - ICHNOS
  • Mauro Buonincontri - ICHNOS
  • Nancy T. de Grummond - Florida State University, Tallahassee, Dept. of Classics
  • J. Theodore Peña - University of California, Berkeley

Research Body

  • Florida State University, Tallahassee, Dept. of Classics
  • New York University
  • Studio Art Centers International
  • Syracuse University
  • University of North Carolina-Asheville

Funding Body

  • Florida State University, Tallahasse, Dip. Studi Classici, U.S.A


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