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Excavation

  • Giarnera Piccola
  • Ascoli Satriano
  •  
  • Italy
  • Apulia
  • Provincia di Foggia
  • Ascoli Satriano

Summary (English)

  • During the two 2008 seasons attention concentrated on the conservation of the finds from tomb 5/07, on the TMA cataloguing and the concluding investigations of the tomb itself.

    The conservation of the materials from 5/07 was undertaken in April and September 2008 with the result that 121 pottery vessels were restored and numerous metal artefacts were cleaned and conserved. With the 2008 excavation a total of 131 pieces were recovered from the tomb.

    Most of the catalogued material (2004-2007) comprises tomb groups. The catalogue may form the basis for a future exhibit (finds and tomb groups from Serpente and Giarnera Piccola).

    TMA cataloguing was also undertaken on the tiles from the collapse overlying the paved surface (US 391) found in 2007 together with a Medusa-head antefix and two other antefix fragments of the same type. Five examples of drip tiles, numerous fragments of tegulae (flat tiles with rim), one fragmentary triangular tile and numerous fragments of the same type and fragments of curved tiles were documented. Lastly, an attempt was made to partially reconstruct a roof with drip tiles and Medusa-head antefixes.

    In the area above the “a grotticella” tomb 5/07 excavations began directly from the floor of the “grotticella”. A row of three post holes (perhaps a canopy for the tomb), an L-shaped wall with an opening (house IX), a hearth and two earth graves were exposed. One of the tombs had been robbed, whilst the second, with the remains of at least three infants contained personal ornaments such as bronze armbands and a piece of amber.

    The concluding work on tomb 5/07 showed that the dromos ramp, slightly off-centre, sloped on a gradient of 8 degrees between the paving (US 391) and the “grotticella”. It was between 2 and 3.20 m deep and had a maximum width of 1.53 m. The floor of the “grotticella” measured circa 2.25 × 2.25 m and was circa 0.15 m lower than the ramp.

    The poorly-preserved skeletons were in the rear part of the tomb, whilst most of the grave goods seemed to have been placed on either side of the entrance and along the sides of the deceased. The skeleton at the centre of the tomb, in a fetal position, was identified as a male individual due to the bronze belt and was presumably the last to be buried here. The few skeletal remains to the left and right of the centre seem to belong to two women, considering the finds of silver fibulae and a glass paste necklace. The remains of a fourth skeleton were found in a heap in the south-east corner of the tomb together with a bronze belt and spear point.

    A robbed earth grave (tomb 1/08) was also examined. Together with various pottery fragments, a piece of worked bone, two glass paste beads and a bronze ring there was a well-preserved skeleton in a fetal position and with a bronze belt. Traces of an earlier burial was visible below the pelvis.

  • Astrid Larcher - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana 

Director

  • Astrid Larcher - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana

Team

  • K. Mager - Università di Innsbruck
  • M. Auer
  • T. Senfter
  • S. Reyer-Völlenklee - Università di Innsbruck
  • Manuele Laimer - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana

Research Body

  • Università di Innsbruck

Funding Body

  • Università di Innsbruck

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