The 2010 excavations undertaken by the University of Innsbruck’s Institute of Classical Archaeology at the Gianrnera Piccola worked on the same areas as in previous years (cadastral lot no. 546). The area was extended by 700 m2 towards the south and west and the investigations concentrated on the phasing of the structures.
At the edge of the northern area the investigation of “houses” 6-8 was concluded during which a tomb was uncovered below the west room of structure 8. This was a child’s burial in an earth grave containing grave goods comprising a jar, two ladles and a small jug – sub-geometric Daunian II, dating to the 6th century B.C., together with bronze torques and a bronze fibula. In the case of structure 10 it was necessary to remove two collapses and a tile paving before it was possible to identify the roof collapse. Below the latter were the remains of unbaked bricks and the structure’s foundation trench. For structure 11 several pits and a side wall acting as a containing wall abutting the slope were identified as attesting the earliest phase of this dwelling. The structure resulted as having a sub-rectangular plan measuring 5.50 × 3.50 m.
A great terracing wall, at the moment about 29 m long and almost 1 m wide, was a spectacular find. It has a curving alignment and is divided into two by an entrance with a drainage channel. In the north-western part of the excavation area it curves towards the south for 4.83 m. The wall continues in the south section of the excavation. On its east side two pits were discovered, one containing 7th century B.C. pottery, which may be interpreted as oikoi for sacrifices made at the moment of the wall’s construction.
In zone J in the western part of the excavation area several tombs, either heavily damaged or robbed, were identified. Two dated to the 6th century B.C. Tomb 2/10, damaged by agricultural activity, was the burial of a new-born dating to the 7th century and containing glass beads, the remains of a bronze personal ornament and fragments of a sub-geometric Daunian I jug.
In zone H, in front of house 11, a pit at least 2 m deep was found to the side of an intact tomb covering. The pit contained the remains of at least three individuals and grave goods including glass-past beads and heavy bronze armlets. Below the tomb cover was a 4th century B.C. tomb with modest, but numerous, grave goods (20 artefacts). To conclude it can be stated that the 2010 excavations uncovered increasing amounts of 7th century B.C. evidence and the discovery of the long wall has provided new evidence for the structural layout of the Daunian settlement.
- Astrid Larcher - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana
- K. Mager - Università di Innsbruck
- L. Obojes
- M. Auer
- T. Senfter
- S. Reyer-Völlenklee - Università di Innsbruck
- Manuele Laimer - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana
- Università di Innsbruck
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