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Excavation

  • Giarnera Piccola
  • Ascoli Satriano
  •  
  • Italy
  • Apulia
  • Provincia di Foggia
  • Ascoli Satriano

Summary (English)

  • The 2012 excavations undertaken by Innsbruck University at Giarnera Piccola continued work on the structures found in the previous year. The area was extended towards the south and west by about 225 m2 in order to check a number of situations that needed to be clarified. Excavations to the north-west, close to the paved surface 369, revealed a foundation wall, only one course of which survived, and an infant burial in a double grave (tomb 1/12). The grave contained a geometric jar with a flattened body that was not a Daunian production, and a small jug with banded decoration, both handmade.

    Several walls belonging to house 10 were uncovered, as well as a stepped dromos with a number of pottery fragments from a robbed a grotticella tomb (tomb 4/12). The chamber itself had been identified in 2010. In the south-eastern part of the house, tomb 2/12 lay below a large limestone slab and large tegula fragments incised with curved lines on the back. This infant burial contained a small beaker with geometric decoration, the bow of an iron fibula and a bronze ring, and may date to between the 7th-6th century B.C.

    The east wall of house 9 (discovered in 2009) presented an area of substantial subsidence and below this was another burial. This tomb, 3/12, was covered by a heap of stone slabs and comprised three rectangular graves, one inside the other, on a north-east/south-west alignment. The upper grave served as support to the covering, the middle grave housed the skeleton of an elderly male individual in a fetal position. The tomb group comprised ten pottery vessels including a sub-geometric Daunian jar with curtain motif on the shoulder, five jugs, and small jugs with banded decoration. Lastly, the lower, smaller grave contained the bones from an earlier burial. Given the presence of the jar with the curtain motif, in use for many decades, and of black gloss cups, a date within the second half of the 5th century B.C. is proposed for this tomb.
    In the south-eastern area of the excavation, a circular structure was exposed, dug into the surface below the structures of house 11. This was originally used for the storage of dry foodstuffs. A drainage channel constructed with sloping kalypteres (cover tiles) above the rim of this cellar structure, and another funnel opposite it were added at a later date, indicating a change in function. The structure itself was 4.50 m in diameter at the top and 3.29 m at the bottom, and was 1.65 m deep.

    The most surprising discovery was a polygonal enclosure in the vicinity of wall 617 (discovered in 2010). The entire structure comprised a large polygonal courtyard paved with gravel and perimeter walls uncovered to the north-east, south-west and partially preserved to the west. In the north-eastern corner there was a rectangular structure (7.05 × 4.90 m) with a hearth in the centre. The complex was entered through a corridor situated to the south-west.

  • Astrid Larcher - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana 

Director

  • Astrid Larcher - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana

Team

  • K. van Heykin - Università di Monaco di Baviera
  • L. Obojes
  • M. Auer
  • S. Reyer-Völlenklee - Università di Innsbruck
  • Manuele Laimer - Università di Innsbruck, Istituto di Archeologia Classica e Provinciale Romana

Research Body

  • Universitá di Innsbruck, Austria (Ist. archeologia classica)

Funding Body

  • Università di Innsbruck

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