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Excavation

  • Siponto
  • Manfredonia
  •  
  • Italy
  • Apulia
  • Provincia di Foggia
  • Manfredonia

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Summary (English)

  • Investigations to the north of Room XII uncovered the apse area of a building: the remains of a small side apse were identified, built in squared limestone blocks bonded with earth, together with clear traces in negative of a larger apse in the central part. Inside the building the stratigraphy was heavily disturbed and thus difficult to interpret. Outside a vast cemetery area was identified, heavily disturbed by ploughing. The intervention was limited to the excavation of two burials in earth graves at the western edge of the trench.

    To the south of the urban area, where a magnetometer survey had shown up strong anomalies, the perimeter of Room XI was defined and two new rooms, XV and XVI were discovered. All were rectangular and on a north-south alignment. A road, running east-west, about 4 m wide, separated the buildings from a complex of walls, of different widths and construction. These delimited an area of about 527 m2 with a pseudo-trapezoidal plan, with an articulated subdivision of the internal space, of which to date at least four rooms have been identified. The south wall was particularly imposing, on an east-west alignment, preserved for a length of 23 m and about 1.4 m wide. The structure was built a sacco, with a double facing of squared calcarenite blocks, and a core of stones mixed with terracotta fragments bonded with earth mixed with calcarenite sand. The discovery in the south-western zone of an area used for the preparation of mortar for construction work was of particular interest. Characterised by a quadrangular, very compact layer of mortar, calcarenite and slaked lime, there was a residual lump of mortar on its surface.

    In rooms XIII and XIV, in the eastern part of the area under investigation, the excavation reached the lowest occupation level of the stratigraphy.

    In Room XIII the floor surface that was partially uncovered in 2008 was completely cleaned. On the floor, abutting the western perimeter wall, there was a small hearth built of stones and tile surrounding an earthy deposit showing clear traces of reddening caused by exposure to heat. In the north wall, where an opening had been discovered in the west part, another was found on its east part. Both were just over 0.80 m wide and had been blocked in a later phase.

    The investigation in Room XIV ascertained the structure’s residential function. The removal of the collapse from the perimeter walls revealed the roof collapse of cover tiles. This in turn overlay a floor surface of compacted calcarenite sand, which was more or less uniformly preserved across the whole surface. Among the features associated with this building were four circular post holes, parallel to the south perimeter wall and a pseudo-quadrangular arrangement of stones bedded in mortar situated in the north-eastern corner. This was interpreted as the remains of a hearth.

  • Austacio Busto - Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, Cattedra di Archeologia Medievale 

Director

  • Caterina Laganara Fabiano - Università degli Studi di Bari, Dipartimento di Beni Culturali e Scienze del Linguaggio

Team

  • Comasia Petronella - Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, Cattedra di Archeologia Medievale
  • Enrica Zambetta - Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, Cattedra di Archeologia Medievale
  • Patrizia Albrizio - Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, Cattedra di Archeologia Medievale
  • Raffella Palombella - Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, Cattedra di Archeologia Medievale
  • Austacio Busto - Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro, Cattedra di Archeologia Medievale

Research Body

  • Università degli Studi di Bari

Funding Body

  • Università degli Studi di Bari

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