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Excavation

  • Villa San Silvestro
  • Villa San Silvestro
  •  
  • Italy
  • Umbria
  • Provincia di Perugia
  • Cascia

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Credits

  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • The 2009 excavations investigated already known areas of the temple with double cella and also extended the research to the south. The temple stood within a vast rectangular portico, built following the earthquake of 99 B.C. by Julius Obsequens with the aim of regularizing the layout of the structures already present in the area from the 2nd century B.C. onwards. The portico’s south-eastern corner was cut obliquely, perhaps in order to respect the line of an earlier road. The original project foresaw a double row of rooms on the long sides and the southern side, which later underwent slight alterations, without ever having a uniform of plan or extension. Even the sacellum of Victory seems to have been characterized by these two phases.
    The complex was abandoned during the 1st century A.D. and was subsequently robbed. The site saw two further occupation phases, the latest, between the 6th-7th century circa, was attested this season’s find of another tomb with a multiple burial and traces of hearths and associated materials.

    The buildings preceding the construction of the portico presented two phases. The first dated to within the 2nd century B.C., with structures seeming to have had the same function as those of the 1st century B.C., at least in part, but with an irregular layout. The second phase, probably dating to the 3rd century B.C., was identified as a complex of domestic buildings. The 2009 campaign partially uncovered a number of these dwellings. Whilst those nearest to the temple were demolished within the 2nd century B.C. to make way for the structures to which the portico was later added, the houses further south seem to have survived, through various phases, until the late 1st century A.D. when they were substituted by buildings of an economic-commercial nature.

    A deep trench brought to light part of a circular structure in unbaked clay on a lower level than the mid Republican houses. This structure was certainly pre-Roman, although its dating and function will be defined during the next campaign.

  • Francesca Diosono 

Director

  • Filippo Coarelli - Sezione di Studi Comparati sulle Società Antiche, Dipartimento Uomo & Territorio, Università degli Studi di Perugia
  • Paolo Braconi - Sezione di Studi Comparati sulle Società Antiche, Dipartimento Uomo & Territorio, Università degli Studi di Perugia

Team

  • A. Martín Esquivel
  • A. Renzetti
  • E. Rizzo
  • F.R. Plebani
  • G. D'Angelo
  • J.M. Vicente Gil
  • M. De Minicis
  • N. Ciaramelletti
  • N. Tiburzi
  • S. Consigli
  • T. Cinaglia
  • Francesca Diosono

Research Body

  • Università degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento Uomo e Territorio, Sez. Studi comparati sulle Società Antiche

Funding Body

  • Associazione culturale Tellus
  • Comune di Cascia

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