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Excavation

  • Villa San Silvestro
  • Villa San Silvestro
  •  
  • Italy
  • Umbria
  • Provincia di Perugia
  • Cascia

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Credits

  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • This campaign concluded the excavations in areas where doubts remained about stratigraphy and chronology, or the size and characteristics of the structures. Eleven trenches were excavated and the area around the excavation was surveyed, as were the overlooking hilltops of la Ritonna and Colle Chiavanello.

    At the southern edge of the excavation (part. 11A), south of the previously excavated gravel road, the following situations were uncovered: – mid Republican structures, built of roughly shaped blocks, probably with pisé walls (also a “pozzetto” containing materials identified as a votive deposit); – late Republican portico, of which at least three rooms survive below floor level (floor make ups, wall foundations); – late antique occupation of the area (iron working?); this phase led to a substantial deterioration of the earlier structures, especially in the easternmost area; – probable early medieval phase (hearth with associated materials).

    Slightly further to the north, a trench exposed the structures of a 3rd century B.C. domus underlying channels relating to the 2nd century B.C. domus, and the southern side of the 1st century B.C. portico.

    In the areas west of the temple with the double cella the phases contemporary with, and subsequent to the collapse of the temple and portico were investigated. This revealed a well-preserved stratigraphy running from the late antique to early medieval periods, associated with productive structures. No structures were present in the area uphill from the north back wall of the portico.

    As regards the two construction phases of the portico and its extension in the eastern sector, it was seen that the first phase did not extend beyond the length of the temple with the double cella and that room E/F was already present in this phase, while other rooms further south along this side of the portico were only added in the second phase. The fill between the first and second phases was excavated. Lastly, evidence of late antique occupation and early medieval hearths was documented.

    Immediately south of the above, the recording was completed of the structures that preceded the portico. The earliest were on the same alignment as the large domus to the west, and had stone footings and pisé walls. In the following phase, still prior to the building of the portico, which here had a single phase (the second dating to the beginning of the 1st century B.C.). The structures were built in lime mortar and stone. Preceding structures also emerged to the west of the portico’s back wall.

    In the area of the vast 2nd century B.C. domus, underneath the western sector of the portico, the floor make-ups were excavated in order to investigate the preceding phases of the domus itself. The entire area was heavily cut in the late antique and early medieval periods.
    A last trench, immediately north of the preceding one, west of the portico, revealed the presence of post holes from a late period, and an infant burial datable, like the others, to about the 6th century A.D. The portico floor make-ups were also investigated.

  • Francesca Diosono 
  • Paolo Braconi - Sezione di Studi Comparati sulle Società Antiche, Dipartimento Uomo & Territorio, Università degli Studi di Perugia 

Director

  • Filippo Coarelli - Università degli Studi di Perugia
  • Paolo Braconi - Sezione di Studi Comparati sulle Società Antiche, Dipartimento Uomo & Territorio, Università degli Studi di Perugia

Team

  • Alberto Martín Esquivel
  • Alessio Renzetti
  • Anna Riva
  • Benedetta Martini
  • Daniele Morri
  • Giulia D'Angelo
  • L. Vastaroli
  • Lucia Grippa
  • N. Tiburzi
  • Niccolò Cecconi
  • Nicola Bruni
  • Simona Consigli
  • Simona Dalsoglio
  • Valeria Mariani
  • Francesca Diosono

Research Body

  • Università degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento Uomo e Territorio, Sez. Studi comparati sulle Società Antiche

Funding Body

  • Associazione culturale Tellus
  • Comune di Cascia
  • Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Perugia
  • Università degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento Uomo e Territorio, Sez. Studi comparati sulle Società Antiche

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