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Excavation

  • Marina Militare Americana
  • Gricignano di Aversa
  •  
  • Italy
  • Campania
  • Provincia di Caserta
  • Carinaro

Tools

Credits

  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • Six burials were uncovered belonging to the earliest phase in the area of the shopping centre. The earliest was a cremation inside a quadrangular hole lined with calcareous stones (last decades of the 9th-first decades of the 8th century B.C.). The ashes were inside a lidded impasto jar accompanied by grave goods comprising a pouring cup, two bowls, an impasto sculpture of a man sitting on a cart drawn by two horses, a miniature knife, a bronze spiral and a miniature dolium.

    To the east were four burials in earth graves containing geometric and Italo-geometric pottery, bronzes and brown impasto pottery (early Orientalising period). The burials relate to the large necropolis of the early Orientalising period (92 tombs) excavated at circa 900 m to the west.

    Another necropolis, dating to the first half of the 3rd century B.C. extended to the south of the road and comprised 55 new burials with modest grave goods.
    The road surfaces were raised at least twice, and a long enclosure wall was built to divide the cemetery area from the agricultural land.
    East of the wall a small cult area was established comprising an altar and a well with a terracotta well-curb. The well was filled with tiles, pottery (3rd century B.C.), terracotta statuettes of female figures and anatomical ex-votos. Numerous small pits contained coarse pottery, black glaze ware, miniature vases and standing figurines.
    Between the cult area and the crossroads the remains of two residential buildings (3rd century B.C.) were identified, built of squared tufa blocks faced with tufa chippings, The entire area was obliterated (end of the 2nd-first decades of the 1st century B.C.) and three channels were constructed at the same time as most of the wells in the area went out of use. Between the 1st-2nd century A.D. two small rooms were built and were subsequently altered between the 2nd-3rd century. On the south-west side of the area there was a lime kiln built with squared tufa blocks.

    Finally, a modest structure, originally formed by two rooms (1st-2nd century A.D.), later altered and enlarged and up against which a well and two “a cassa” tombs were built, dated to the Imperial period.

  • Fausto Zevi - Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" 

Director

  • Elena Laforgia - Soprintendenza dei Beni Archeologici delle province di Napoli e Caserta

Team

  • Angela De Filippis - soc. Xenia
  • Francesco Galluccio - Società cooperativa Astra
  • Elena Laforgia - Soprintendenza dei Beni Archeologici delle province di Napoli e Caserta

Research Body

  • Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Province di Napoli e Caserta

Funding Body

  • Marina Militare Americana

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