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Excavation

  • S. Maria in Pantano
  • S. Maria in Pantano
  • Vicus (ad) Martis Tudertium
  • Italy
  • Umbria
  • Provincia di Perugia
  • Massa Martana

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Summary (English)

  • Following both results of geomagnetic survey as well as crop marks in the alfalfa growing in the fields, excavation was focused on uncovering and exploring the eastern end of an apsidal structure lying to the south of the area investigated in previous seasons. A second area was opened up south of this, again following the evidence of both survey and crop marks.

    The latter area revealed a rectangular structure which had been significantly despoiled in antiquity, providing clear evidence of the systematic way in which the ancient settlement had been dismantled (at least in parts). This area also revealed a much later wall, constructed without mortar, and likely used as a boundary or animal-pen wall. This later construction lay in places immediately on top of ancient remains, though its preserved height is still below modern ground level.

    The area of the apsidal building did in fact preserve the apse of what is anticipated to be a fairly large building. The apse itself has a maximum diameter of ~8.5m and the rectangular portion of the building to which is forms the eastern end is ~12m in width. The apse appears to be constructed on a pre-existing pavement in an evident re-working of the structure. The remainder of the building walls rest on an earlier wall which lies at a slightly different orientation.

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