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Excavation

  • Pani Loriga
  • Nuraghe Diana
  •  
  • Italy
  • Sardinia
  • South Sardinia
  • Santadi

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Summary (English)

  • Excavations were carried out in two sectors of the Punic settlement: the southern quarter (Area A) and northern quarter (Area B).

    AREA A: The excavations aimed to investigate the area onto which rooms I and II faced to the south. In fact, they were part of an insula facing onto a sort of open space along a road on a north-south alignment that is clearly visible on the general plan of the old excavations. There was no evidence for the prehistoric phases in this area of the excavation. A layer of Aeolian deposit, also identified in room II (US 103=113), overlay the bedrock. This was levelled when the insula was built. At some points, where the Aeolic layer had not formed due to the bedrock’s conformation, medium sized stones (US 90) had been used to create an even surface. This type of intervention was seen abutting an important wall (USM 70) forming the eastern edge of the road.

    The stratigraphy in this area is not very reliable as it was cut by the old excavations. However, it was possible to identify a number of stratigraphic contexts that can be related to those in rooms I and II. A possible floor surface (US 109=110, coeval with 87?) was identified south of wall USM 16. Layers US 100 and US 80 had formed on top of this, which are probably coeval with US 68 inside room II.

    When the area was abandoned, the open space south of wall 16 was probably used as a dump (US 65=83) contemporary with the building of the mud brick structure (US 28) inside room I. Although a preliminary hypothesis, it is supported by the concentration of pottery and bone finds recovered from inside a slight artificial hollow with irregular edges (US 79).

    AREA B: Research continued in trenches 5, 3, 7, 10, and 12. In trench/room 5 work continued on the removal and documentation of the finds attesting the occupation and sudden abandonment of the area, presumably within the first half of the 4th century B.C. In effect, to date no Hellenistic material has been found. The most common ceramics were Bartoloni type D3 and D4 amphora, whose chronology ranges between the late second half of the 6th and the 5th century B.C.

    Uphill from rooms 2 and 4, in rooms 3 and 7 numerous samples were taken for micro-morphological analyses, in order to gain an understanding of the depositional dynamics. Samples were also taken outside the structures (trenches 10 and 12).

    Another trench was dug outside the structures, uphill from them, in order to check the stratigraphy (trench 12). The stratigraphic analysis and the micro-morphological data made it possible to reconstruct the main sequence of occupation and natural events such as earth removal, erosion, hill-wash, and the abandonment of the area uphill from the main structure.
    At present, it is difficult to establish the function of the large structure with any certainty.

    The structure was linked to the other rooms by corridors that were partially blocked in a later period. The excavations also revealed the presence of deposits of natural accumulations and what may be an ancient ground surface, but no traces of a road.

  • Massimo Botto - Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche 
  • Ida Oggiano - Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche 
  • Tatiana Pedrazzi - Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche 
  • Federica Candelato - a contratto in Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche 

Director

  • Massimo Botto - Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Team

  • Donatella Mureddu - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle province di Cagliari e Oristano
  • Federica Candelato - a contratto in Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
  • Tatiana Pedrazzi - Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
  • Studenti e specialisti dalle Università degli Studi di Pisa, Sassari, Torino, Venezia, Verona, Viterbo; Universidad de Cádiz, Universidad de Valencia, Université de Bretagne Sud, CNRS e Laboratoire Nicolas Granier.
  • Ida Oggiano - Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
  • Remo Forresu - Museo Civico Archeologico di Santadi

Research Body

  • Istituto di Studi sulle Civiltà Italiche e del Mediterraneo Antico (ISCIMA) del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Funding Body

  • Comune di Santadi
  • Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
  • UNIPOL Assicurazioni

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