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Excavation

  • Monte Bono
  • Casino di Terra
  •  
  • Italy
  • Tuscany
  • Pisa
  • Guardistallo

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Summary (English)

  • The fifth campaign at the locality of Monte Bono (Guardistallo, Pisa) took place between the 8th-19th October.
    Following cleaning, layer US 13 was exposed comprising an accumulation of various materials (brick/tile, table ware and coarse ware pottery, amphorae) and medium to large stones, already partially removed during the 2011 campaign.

    US 13 was completely removed revealing the following clayey layers characterized by the presence of sporadic archaeological material, already identified in earlier seasons:

    - In the northern sector US 3 (2008); – In the western sector US 15 (2010); – In the southern and eastern sectors US 14 (2009). –
    In the central western part of the trench, US 16 (2011) was exposed below US 13. This sub-circular layer of small and medium sized stones and yellowish clay was partially excavated in 2011.
    Layers US 20 (yellowish clay with small stones, sub-circular form at the centre of the excavation area) and US 21 (whitish very compact clay, in the north-eastern part of the trench) were also identified. Due to bad weather, these layers were recorded but not excavated.

    The evidence that emerged from the 2012 excavation confirmed that the site’s chronology ranged between the late Republican period (latest evidence black gloss pottery, fragments of Dressel I amphora) and 80 A.D. (presence of a Fortis stamp on a lamp base; absence of ARS and late Italic decorated sigillata). A problem remains regarding the identification of the structure relating to US 13. This accumulation of materials was quite deep (up to 30 cm) at the centre of the trench and contained a substantial quantity of archaeological material – ceramic tableware, cooking ware, storage vessels etc, amphorae, dolia), but very few small finds.

    This building was probably a warehouse (at least 8-10 dolia were found), but was also residential (attested by the large quantity of coarse and cooking wares, as well as at least 25 loom weights). The reduced size of the deposit (about 7 m north-south x 9 m east-west) suggests the presence of an upper floor (basement storage and living quarters upstairs), but this remains a hypothesis to be confirmed or not by future excavations.

  • Paolo Sangriso - Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche del Mondo Antico  

Director

  • Marinella Pasquinucci - Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche del Mondo Antico
  • Simonetta Menchelli - Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche del Mondo Antico

Team

  • Paolo Sangriso - Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche del Mondo Antico

Research Body

  • Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere

Funding Body

  • Università degli Studi di Pisa

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