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Excavation

  • Le Guardiole
  • Santa Marinella
  • Castrum Novum
  • Italy
  • Latium
  • Rome
  • Santa Marinella

Summary (English)

  • The 2016 excavations took place in the ancient urban area facing the Casale Alibrandi, on the low rise situated at km 64.400 of the via Aurelia, in the locality of Capo Linaro (Santa Marinella). Work continued in two sectors that were investigated last year (Sectors DI and DIII) and three new ones were opened: D IV, D V, and D VI.

    In Sector D I, the excavation of room 2 continued where the exploration of the foundation stratigraphy confirmed the dating of the first construction to within the first half/mid 3rd century B.C. In room 1, the work started last year was continued.
    In Sector D III, the excavation area was extended towards the via Aurelia exposing another section of the basalt-paved “Piazzale” and the investigation of the walls just visible above ground nearby.

    The stratigraphy has begun to reveal occupation that continued until at least the 4th century A.D.
    A new sector D IV was opened in order to continue the excavation of the Roman colony’s large fortification wall, discovered in 2015, whose presence was picked up by the magnatometry survey. The excavations exposed a section of the wall about 30 m long and 2.80/3.00 m wide, built in a chipped opus quadratum. One course was preserved on top of the foundations, the blocks placed with the short side facing outwards. Immediately next to the wall, on the exterior side, two late antique tombs were excavated, one a tile-lined grave, the other a simple earth grave.
    The remains of three rooms emerged abutting the interior side of the wall, preserved almost at foundation level, one of which revealed traces of a figured mosaic floor with white and black geometric motifs. The materials indicate occupation between the 3rd and 5th century A.D., with traces of prehistoric (Bronze Age?) and Etruscan occupation. A fragment of a rough terracotta lid with an Etruscan inscription was found.

    In the new sector D V, situated within the ancient urban area, the remains of at least four different rooms were identified, built in stone and clay. They were part of the same residential complex investigated in sector D I, already seen in the survey. Here, the stratigraphy also documented occupation phases dating to between the 3rd and 4th century A.D. _Opus _ spicatum floors dating to the imperial phase were clearly visible, although cut by various modern robber trenches.

    In sector D VI, a trench of limited size, a small section of extra-urban stratigraphy was investigated, which included several channels cut into the terrain and partially lined with opus signinum. Occupation until at least the 4th century A.D. was documented.

  • Grégoire Poccardi - Università di Lille 3  
  • Sara Nardi Combescure - Università di Amiens  
  • Flavio Enei - Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica, Santa Severa  

Director

  • Flavio Enei - Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica, Santa Severa

Team

  • Katarina Lindblum
  • Mirella Youssoufian
  • Andrea Santarelli, Paolo Emilio Bagnoli, Marilena Principessa, Giulio Salvioli, Nicol Tollis, Mauro Rosati, Glauco Stracci, Bruno Fantozzi, Paolo Caponnetto, Federico Caria, Marco Caria, Serena D'Amora, Francesco Davoli, Enzo Gioia, Paolo Marini, Guido Martinelli, Lolita Mulargia, Mariano Precetti, Luigi Selis, Gabriele Mirai, Michal Preusz, Klara Paclikova - Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica (GATC)
  • Jordan Boucard, Hugo Cador (Université de Pari 1, Sorbonne), Yasmine Mechadi, Pauline Wattelainne, Mathilde Braida, Mélanie Daurat, Dominique Maisonneuve, Michel Athanassiadis, Nicolas Daroux, Juliette Bertaut, Université de Picardie « Jules Verne », Université de Lille 3.
  • Grégoire Poccardi - Università di Lille 3
  • Sara Nardi Combescure - Università di Amiens
  • Marco Anzidei - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia), EB Elettronica SRL
  • Thomas Nicq - CNRS Halma - Lille 3.
  • Andrea Santarelli - Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica
  • Guido Girolami - Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica
  • Nicol Tollis - Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica (GATC)
  • Veronica Cicolani - Aoroc 8546-Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris
  • Véronique Picard - IRAA-USR 3155 del CNRS, Université de Pau et du Pays d’Adour

Research Body

  • Aoroc 8546-Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris
  • Gruppo Archeologico del Territorio Cerite ONLUS
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia
  • Museo Civico di Santa Santa Marinella
  • Université de Lille 3
  • Université de Picardie “Jules Verne”

Funding Body

Images

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