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Excavation

  • Rofalco
  • Farnese
  •  
  • Italy
  • Latium
  • Provincia di Viterbo
  • Farnese

Summary (English)

  • In Area 0 the large quadrangular room (3), already interpreted as a textile workshop, was again investigated. Below the floor level was a thick layer of levelling filling the natural unevenness of the terrain. The discovery within this layer of a number of ceramic fragments, including a terracotta ex-voto, attests the existence of at least one occupation phase prior to the building of the structure. The room preserved the lower part of the walls, dry-stone built of irregular trachyte blocks, whilst the standing parts were probably built in opus craticium or unbaked clay. The
    building had a tile roof.

    The imposing terrace walls uncovered in Area 1000 had suggested the existence of a secondary entrance to the settlement. In order to check this hypothesis an open-area excavation was undertaken across the entire terrace, by the ridge delimiting this part of the site towards the south-east. Several terrace walls came to light which must also have served as defences for a secondary via glareato that was identified (sector 3).

    Situated on the terrace were two quadrangular rooms (rooms 1 and 2), which produced an interesting stratigraphy rich in materials for domestic use. Below the wall dividing the rooms there was a large dolium apparently obliterated by the construction of the wall itself, and therefore relating to an earlier phase. Furthermore, in room 2 there was a cistern, dry-stone built and plastered. This had been partially excavated by clandestine diggers.

    In Area 3000 the excavation revealed the north-western perimeter of the warehouse building (Area 2000) and defined the existence of a road crossing the area on a north-east/south-west alignment, separating the warehouses from the other building situated to the north of the excavated area. The road, over 5 m wide, was paved with a thick beaten surface of local stones.

    Work also continued on documenting the line of the curtain walls and the remains of the settlement, with the aim of creating an up to date and detailed plan of the visible structures. This operation was made particularly difficult by the presence of thick vegetation and traces of old agricultural activity which have disturbed the site from the 16th-mid 20th century. Added to this was the difficulty in reading the terrain itself, characterised by an abundance of lava stone on which it is difficult to distinguish traces of anthropological activity.

  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano 

Director

  • Mauro Incitti - Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Team

  • Cecilia Attanasio Ghezzi - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Orlando Cerasuolo - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Tiziano Latini - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Mauro Incitti - Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Research Body

  • Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Funding Body

Images

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