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  • Rofalco
  • Farnese
  • Italy
  • Latium
  • Provincia di Viterbo
  • Farnese

Summary (English)

  • Inside the residential block (Area 0), research continued in two main areas: in the various rooms and in small trenches opened in order to define the limits and extension of the block itself. In room 7, identified as a kitchen, most of the collapsed layers overlying the floor surface were removed. An occupation level was exposed containing a substantial amount of material. In the above room 8 a trench put in along its south-western wall revealed a well-preserved stratigraphy below the layers of collapse. An occupation level contained a large amount of pottery, including dolia of various sizes, some of which bearing traces of inscriptions. A second trench within the room itself produced numerous fragments of a glirarium. On the upper level of the insula a trench was opened in order to investigate room 1, particularly damaged by erosion: the excavation revealed the presence of a layer rich in small, compacted lava-stone cobbles, identified as a floor surface. This small space, in which there were no remains of a roof, may be interpreted as an internal courtyard.

    In Area 4000, where the remains of the main entrance to the settlement stand, the passageway’s paving of large polygonal blocks of lava-stone was exposed. Immediately outside the gate’s opening, the removal of a substantial mass of boulders which had fallen down from the hill-slope above, provided a clearer vision of the structure, with its lava-stone paving and structure of large tufa blocks, south of the gate, connected to the continuation of the curtain wall on the downhill side of the settlement. Among the materials recovered during the excavation in this sector were about ten terracotta sling-shot bullets, already well-attested on the site, and a number of vases crushed by the collapse of the walls (including at least two medium sized dolia). Study of the finds will clarify the chronology of the fortifications and destruction of the site.

  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano 


  • Gianfranco Gazzetti - Gruppo Archeologico Romano


  • Cecilia Attanasio Ghezzi - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Orlando Cerasuolo - Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Research Body

  • Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Funding Body


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