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  • Rofalco
  • Farnese
  • Italy
  • Latium
  • Provincia di Viterbo
  • Farnese

Summary (English)

  • Once the limits and general structure of the housing block (Area 0) were clarified, work concentrated on the excavation of three rooms, one of which not examined thus far.

    In room 7 the cleaning of the floor, which was not completely uniform, led to the recovery of more pottery from the occupation level excavated in previous years. A low bench, dry-stone built, abutting the base of the room’s eastern wall was uncovered. The occupation layer presented two bands with a higher content of joining pottery fragments in front of this bench. An analysis of their positions suggests that the structure supported, as attested in other settlements of similar date, a sort of wooden cupboard or unit with at least two shelves. In the room’s south-eastern corner a small tank was excavated, sunken into the floor and lined with tile and dolium fragments. A small trench examined the level below the floor and confirmed the absence of earlier building phases in this sector of the insula, which resulted as being built directly on layers put down to level the bed-rock.

    The main trench, put into room 8, brought to light occupation layer. This was characterised by burnt patches and numerous pottery fragments, both fine and coarse wares, large containers such as gliraria and dolia, domestic implements in terracotta and metal and ex-voto of uncertain interpretation. In this case also, the discovery of a stone structure in the north-eastern corner is to be associated with the presence of a bench. A door was discovered in the north-west wall, flanked by two tufa blocks, with traces of plaster, which functioned as the jambs.

    In the highest part of the insula a trench was opened in room 4, revealing a deep, well-preserved layer of collapsed stones from the perimeter walls. Below was a collapse of tiles and imbrices, from the roof, partially disarticulated and fragmented, but with numerous elements still joining. In several places below this collapse large rough-hewn lava boulders were visible, perhaps part of the bed-rock.

    In the area of the east gate (Area 4000) the passageway between the two tufa jambs was investigated. This revealed the rectangular housing for a threshold, probably made of wood, with very evident traces of burning. The paved space in front of the defensive structures was also uncovered. The area was affected by land slippage and illegal excavations. Inside the settlement, immediately below the bastion, two more or less parallel rows of stone blocks came to light, probably relating to structures linked to the gate and fortifications.

  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano 


  • Orlando Cerasuolo - Gruppo Archeologico Romano


  • Cecilia Attanasio Ghezzi - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Lorenzo Somma - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Martina Sabbatini - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Orlando Cerasuolo - Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Research Body

  • Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Funding Body


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