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  • Rofalco
  • Farnese
  • Italy
  • Latium
  • Provincia di Viterbo
  • Farnese

Summary (English)

  • Within the residential quarter (Area 0) excavation of the vast central room (8) was completed. As in the part excavated in the previous year, below very substantial layers of collapse from the walls and the roof, was an occupation layer characterised by the presence of numerous vases, in particular mid-to large containers such as dolia and gliraria, crushed by the collapse of the structures but with the fragments often still joining. Lastly, the beaten-earth and cobble floor was exposed, cut by a small pit of uncertain interpretation in the eastern corner, containing pottery fragments. At the centre of the room was a large tufa block still fixed into the floor, indicating the presence of a central pillar supporting the roof beams. The remains of blocks from the pillar were found within the collapse of the walls.

    In the area of the east gate (Area 4000) the work necessary for a complete reading of the structures was completed. The large ditch crossing the paved road outside the gate was excavated. This had cut both the clay make up layer on which the structures rested and underlying preparation of gravel levelling the bed-rock. The ditch was the result of various illegal interventions, partially investigated in the early 1970s by F. Rittatore Vonwiller (unpublished). Further to the exterior, the damage caused by progressive land-slippage made it impossible to interpret the few structural remains still identifiable. On the interior of the settlement two long walls on a north-south alignment seemed to delimit the inner side of the bastion, forming a series of large steps. These walls were connected to a third wall, on an east-west alignment, seeming to form the bastion’s northern perimeter.

    More or less at the centre of the site, between the warehouse zones and the residential quarter, excavation of an interesting structure (Area 5000) began. Partially seen in previous years it was heavily disturbed by illegal digging which had brought to the surface numerous pottery fragments. The structure was revealed to comprise a vast rectangular room facing onto the precipice from an elevated position, using a rock outcrop as its foundations. The walls here were also dry-stone built of large irregular lava-stone blocks and small stones. A deeper part of the trench in the south-west part of the room revealed a collapse containing abundant tile and imbrices fragments below which were a few patches of the ancient floor. It is possible that, in antiquity, the room was divided into two rooms by a wall, of which a few traces remained, situated at about the mid point of its length. Lastly, the remains of a large threshold were identified in the north-east wall, a short distance from the building’s eastern corner.

  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano 


  • Orlando Cerasuolo - Gruppo Archeologico Romano


  • Cecilia Attanasio Ghezzi - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Lorenzo Somma - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Martina Sabbatini - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Research Body

  • Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Funding Body


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