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  • Rofalco
  • Farnese
  • Italy
  • Latium
  • Provincia di Viterbo
  • Farnese

Summary (English)

  • It was decided to enlarge the excavation all around the previously dug cistern situated in the central area (Area 7000). In fact, the results from the previous year’s trench had revealed a deep layer formed by collapsed materials suggesting the existence of other structures of a certain substance around the cistern. In effect, the excavations exposed such a situation, although damaged by erosion. The cistern was contained inside a rectangular room or courtyard delimited by a robust wall built of large blocks of yellow tufa and with at least one access preserved on the south side. The presence of several patches of a floor made up of large lava cobblestones and the scarce presence of tiles suggests this was an open air space. Beyond the perimeter wall, it seemed possible to identify a number of covered structures indicated by the continuation of several walls and the presence of layers of collapse and occupation levels. The size and wealth of the complex, the only one entirely built of tufa blocks, together with the Porta Est, found on the site to date suggest the structure had a public function.
    North-west of the large insula of warehouses, several trenches were opened inside a rectangular building (Area 6000) on the same alignment as the rest of the central part of the town. A first trench in the western part of the building revealed an ancient floor of small cobbles of local stone, from which large lava rocks emerged in several places. The naturally flattened upper surfaces of the rocks showed traces of working. A second trench put in at the opposite end of the building revealed a completely different stratigraphic sequence. In fact, in the eastern part, there was a very interesting situation relating to the collapse of a building with a tiled roof: below a partially disturbed surface layer, two overlying collapses of stones from the sidewalls and roof tiles were exposed. A wall in opus africanum was visible within the collapse. A masonry-built counter and several dolia of the same size resting on the floor were present inside the room.

    In the area of the Porta Est (Area 4000), the investigation continued of the sector downhill from the gate itself, immediately inside the line of the wall. The cutting back of the vegetation revealed a quadrangular room on the same alignment as the central and eastern sector of the site. The find of a fragment from an ex-voto of a veiled male head may indicate the presence of a small cult site or votive deposit in the area. Lastly, continuation of the survey in the sector between areas 4000, 6000 and 7000 identified various alignments and traces relating to other rooms, which it is hoped to investigate in future campaigns.

  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano 


  • Orlando Cerasuolo - Gruppo Archeologico Romano


  • Lorenzo Somma - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Ludovica Di Gregorio - Gruppo Archeologico Romano
  • Marta Valerio - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Martina Sabbatini - Gruppo Archeologico Subalpino
  • Luca Pulcinelli - Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Research Body

  • Gruppo Archeologico Romano

Funding Body


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