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Excavation

  • Nervia, Area mura settentrionali
  • Ventimiglia
  • _Albintimilium_
  • Italy
  • Liguria
  • Provincia di Imperia
  • Ventimiglia

Summary (English)

  • During this campaign research concentrated on Areas 1000A and 5000, respectively the east and west sectors of the site. In the first sector, opened in 2009, the data collected last year was confirmed and further information gathered regarding the stratigraphic and chronological relationships in this delicate zone, relative to the line of, abandonment and robbing of the walls.

    In particular the excavation revealed two stratigraphic units: the first constituted by a more or less semicircular arrangement of stones associated with a beaten-clay surface. This feature probably related to an agricultural reuse of the area following its abandonment. The second unit can be identified as a robber trench for the removal of stones from the wall, whose fill was characterised by the presence of mortar lumps, some large, stones and chips from stone working, the result of the removal of the stones from the wall itself. This episode links to the robbing already identified in
    Area 1000 during earlier campaigns, dated, for the moment, to the 7th century A.D. by the presence of an ARS D rim, Hayes form 109 and the handle of an Keay 52 type amphora of Calabrian production.

    The combined analysis of the stratigraphic sequence and the finds from this sector defined the deposition of the layers. This occurred through both anthropological activity and natural phenomena caused by the area’s geomorphology, which periodically suffered flooding from the Nervia torrent (which in the Roman period ran closest to the east walls of Albintimilium ) and erosion of an aeolic-pluvial nature linked to the Collasgarba rising behind.

    As regards area 5000, research continued with the aim of acquiring further information on the necropolis which came to be created in this sector of the walls following their abandonment. At least two distinct phases of use were identified: the first dating to the first half of the 5th century, the second to between the 5th and the mid 6th century A.D.

    This season a new burial, T. 9/308, was discovered abutting the walls immediately west of burial T. 8/307 (investigated in 2009).
    As seen in previous research, two phases of use were also confirmed in tomb 9. In fact, on its northern edge an articulated skeleton was found dating to the second and later phase of use. On the southern edge, up against the wall, was an earlier burial “reduced” following the reopening of the tomb for the deposition of the second body. Both were covered by terracotta slabs which had been disturbed to allow the second burial.

    Worthy of note among the finds were two tile stamps, both probably from production centres situated at Forum Iulii, modern Fréjus in Provence. The first is a stamp in a rectangular cartouche, MAR[- – -], already attested at Ventimiglia in the necropolis by the western walls. The second, on a tile from burial T. 9/308, can be traced back to the workshop of L. Herennius Optatus (perhaps active from the end of the 1st to the 3rd century A.D.), also already attested at Ventimiglia.

    The excavations, which confirmed the great interest of the archaeological research in this part of the Roman town, were flanked by a permanent laboratory for the cataloguing and study of the finds co-ordinated by Viviana Pettirossi and by another project, the Master and Back – the Autonomous Region of Sardinia “La ceramica a vernice nera nell’area 2000 dello scavo delle mura settentrionali di Albintimilium” directed by Roberta Sulis.

  • Daniela Gandolfi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri 

Director

  • Carlo Varaldo - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri di Bordighera
  • Daniela Gandolfi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri

Team

  • Daniela Gandolfi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri
  • Lorenzo Ansaldo - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri
  • Viviana Pettirossi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri

Research Body

  • Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri

Funding Body

  • Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri

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