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Excavation

  • Nervia, Area mura settentrionali
  • Ventimiglia
  • _Albintimilium_
  • Italy
  • Liguria
  • Provincia di Imperia
  • Ventimiglia

Summary (English)

  • The 2016 excavations explored the sector occupied, from the second half of the 5th century A.D. onwards, by the late antique cemetery situated north of the north wall of the Roman town of Albintimilium, west of the postern that opened in it.
    The excavation area was extended to the north to cover an overall area of about 100 m2, in order to completely expose sarcophagus no. 4, already partially revealed in 2014, and to identify other burials and/or structures belonging to the cemetery.

    Following the removal of a thick layer of modern humus (c. 1 m deep), a series of abandonment layers were identified, datable to between the late 6th and early 7th century, that had been the object of successive episodes of robbing. The removal of these layers exposed a new sector of the cemetery area in which six new stone sarcophagi were present, datable, like those identified in 2014, to the late 5th-6th century A.D.
    The six new sarcophagi, five of which certainly made of Finale stone, with their original pitched covers with corner acroteria, were still sealed. They were arranged in two parallel rows with the long side (average length 2.00/2.10 m) following the line of the wall and orientated east-west.

    Sarcophagus no.6 was of particular interest. It was made in a finer stone, perhaps from Provence, and characterised by a roof with a reduced pitch and corner and median acroteria, a rather rare type in Liguria. Sarcophagus no. 8 was also of interest, here a sort of mortar, sealing the lid to the coffin, was preserved and carefully spread and finished on the exterior.
    The fill of sarcophagi 1 and 2, discovered during preceding campaigns, was excavated. The tombs had already been disturbed in antiquity and their covers were missing. The original deposit was only preserved in some patches adhering to the bottom. The excavations also showed that the south side of sarcophagus 1 was badly damaged when it was broken into following the abandonment of the area during the 7th century.

  • Daniela Gandolfi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri 

Director

  • Daniela Gandolfi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri

Team

  • Viviana Pettirossi - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri
  • Lorenzo Ansaldo - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri
  • Claudio Mastrantuono – ISTITUTO INTERNAZIONALE DI STUDI LIGURI

Research Body

  • ISTITUTO INTERNAZIONALE DI STUDI LIGURI

Funding Body

  • ISTITUTO INTERNAZIONALE DI STUDI LIGURI

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