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Excavation

  • Panificio VII 2, 3.6-7
  • Pompei
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    Summary (English)

    • The main aim of the “_Pistrina_- bakeries in Roman Italy” project is to define, based on the archaeology, the chronology of the change from predominantly domestic bread making to commercial baking, looking at technical developments, in particular that of the oven and organisation of the productive spaces.

      The excavations undertaken in five bakeries during recent years were completed in 2012. Now, the aim is to clean each productive structure in order to complete the cataloguing of the structures linked to bread making and to identify elements of relative chronology pertinent to their development in the houses in which they are situated.

      The cleaning in bakery VII 2, 3.6-7 led to the identification of several phases, twp of which seem linked to the existence of a bread making structure. The first phase, undated, was only glimpsed: a basalt surface, earlier and lower than the one in use in 79 A.D. After this first structure, the continuation of the bakery remains uncertain. However, some time later following large scale restructuring, the bakery in use in 79 A.D. was built, perhaps also using the peristyle of the house as an area for washing grain before it was milled.

      The state of the millstones clearly indicated that they had been damaged and repaired prior to the eruption, the moment in which the water supply system was either being repaired or installed at the level of the oven.

    • Nicolas Monteix - Ecole française de Rome 

    Director

    • Nicolas Monteix - Ecole française de Rome

    Team

    • Arnaud Coutelas - ArkeMine
    • Aude Durand - Ecole normale supérieure
    • Pauline Larrieu – Università di Bourgogne
    • Romeo Cuvilier
    • Sandra Zanella – Università Paris 1 - Sorbonne / Collège de France AOROC UMR8546 CNRS | ENS
    • Sanna Aho - Università di Helsinki
    • Saverio De Rosa
    • Pauline Nuviala – Università di Bourgogne
    • Frédéric Pauvarel – Conseil général PACA
    • Laëtitia Cavassa - Centre Jean Bérard, USR3133 CNRS – Ecole Française de Rome

    Research Body

    • Centre Jean Bérard, Università di Rouen
    • Ecole française de Rome
    • Università di Rouen

    Funding Body

    • Centre Jean Bérard
    • Ecole française de Rome
    • Groupe de Recherches en HIStoire

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