The 2014 excavations exposed an overall area of c. 40 m2 to an average depth of c. 2 m, in order to obtain the maximum visibility possible of the monumental structures situated on top of Mt. Cimino (1053 m a.s.l.).
The structure, as suggested in earlier campaigns, was constituted by a massive dry-stone wall surrounding the upper part of the acropolis. The wall, about 3 m wide, enclosed a sub-circular open space of about 100 m2. The wall surrounded a curving line of large standing boulders made of rough-hewn trachyte. These stones appeared “lined” by radial dry-stone walls, roughly turned towards the centre of the open space delimited by the wall itself. In the south-eastern part, in correspondence with a slight slope linking the summit to the acropolis, a corridor (_dromos_) opened within the body of the wall itself. It was the same length as the width of the wall and about one metre wide, delimited on both sides by a dry-stone facing.
Most of the structure was built directly on an extensive levelled area cut out of the bedrock. All the materials seem to date to the same phase (Final Bronze Age 3), except for a few elements perhaps attributable to an earlier period of the Final Bronze Age.
The excavation on the south edge of the structure, in correspondence with the dromos entrance, revealed a complex stratigraphy, probably to be attributed to two overlying monumental structures. The 2014 investigations clarified several of the earlier structure’s characteristics. It lay below most of the dromos and the southernmost part of the later wall and, indeed, constituted the foundations for both.
Excavation also took place for the first time on the eastern edge of the plateau at the base of the acropolis (sectors 13 and 14), where two small trenches confirmed the presence of materials that were exclusively prehistoric. Of particular interest was the identification on the hill slope in sector 11 of the 2013 excavations outside the stone fortifications surrounding the entire eastern plateau (also known as the “lower plateau”) of an artificial terrace created by the construction in antiquity of a wall that is still visible. The excavation exposed a 2 m length of dry-stone wall associated with pottery fragments datable to the Final Bronze Age.
- Andrea Cardarelli - Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità
- Andrea Schiappelli - Matrix 96 Società Cooperativa
- Barbara Barbaro - Sapienza. Università di Roma – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Antichità
- Flavia Trucco - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dell
- Francesco di Gennaro - Soprintendenza al Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico “Luigi Pigorini”
- Isabella Damiani - Comune di Roma – Sovraintendenza ai Beni Culturali di Roma Capitale
- Laura Sadori
- Nicola Ialongo - Sapienza. Università di Roma – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Antichità
- Sapienza - Università di Roma
- Comune di Soriano nel Cimino
- Sapienza – Università di Roma
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