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Excavation

  • Necropoli di Porta Nola
  • Pompei
  • Pompei
  • Italy
  • Campania
  • Naples
  • Pompei

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Summary (English)

  • The 2017 excavation season at the necropolis of Porta Nola focused on two areas: the burials of Praetorians identified during the 1970’s clearance of the AD 79 eruption layers and the area immediately north of the tomb of Obellius Firmus, between the rear wall of the tomb and a tufa wall, perhaps delimiting the funerary area, 5 m to the north.

    The 2016 excavation had identified a shallow cut (0.79 × 0.5 × 0.2m) filled with ash, charcoal and small fragments of human bone which lay on the edge of the excavation trench. This area was fully explored in 2017 with the aim of both understanding the nature of the deposit and to better understand the chronology of the stratigraphy in this area, as results from the previous season had indicated an artificial build-up of this area. The shallow cut appears to have been the result of the cleaning of an ustrinum, but also within the deposit was recovered a lamp illustrating Ganymede with Zeus disguised as an eagle. The excavation behind the tomb of Obellio Firmo was revealed a further two cremation burials. The first lay 0.5m to the north (beside and underneath a modern metal roof post and concrete base at the north-west corner of the tomb of Obellio Firmo), the cut of which was defined a fill of large pieces of tufa. The coarse ware cremation urn was covered by an upturned vessel as well as a lid with a thick layer of lime or chalk. The second cremation burial was placed directly against the northern foundation of the tomb of Obellio Firmo, suggesting a later date for the burial to that of Obellio Firmo. The anthropological study of the cremations will be underneath during a study season in 2018.

    The second area investigated lies on the slope opposite the tomb of Obellius Firmus to the south of the road that follows the line of the city wall. During clearance of the area in the mid-1970s a row of marble columellae were identified (and subsequently removed), three of which had the names of Praetorinas ( Sex.Caesernius Montanus, L. Manilius Saturninus and L. Betutius Niger ) and one broken, with only the line ‘Annos XI’. The aim of the 2017 excavation was to relocate the positions of these burial markers and to recover the associated cremations. The tomb of Betutius Niger was the only burial to previously be fully investigated and from which two cremation urns had been recovered, one perhaps belonging to an earlier burial. The new excavations located a further cremation in a burial cut 0.30m to the south of the tomb of Betutius. The new burial was in a deep cut filled with ash, burnt human bone, the point of an amphora and a lamp decorated with a dancing satyr (dating approximately to the Tiberian period). The three further tombs to the west of Betutius where the columellae had been removed were also relocated and examination of the cremations will be undertaken during the 2018 study season.

  • Stephen Kay – The British School at Rome 
  • Llorenç Alapont- Colegio Oficial de doctores y licenciados en Filosofia y Letras y en Ciencias de Valencia 
  • Rosa Albiach Descals- Museo de Prehistoria de Valencia 

Director

  • Llorenç Alapont- Colegio Oficial de doctores y licenciados en Filosofia y Letras y en Ciencias de Valencia
  • Rosa Albiach Descals- Museo de Prehistoria de Valencia
  • Stephen Kay – The British School at Rome

Team

  • Fabio Galeandro – Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei
  • Vincenzo Sabini – Parco Archeologico Pompei
  • Trinidad Pasies - Museo de Prehistoria de la Diputación de Valencia
  • Pilar Mas Hurtuna
  • Antoni Puig Palerm - University of Barcelona
  • Letizia Ceccarelli - University of Cambridge
  • Monika Koroniova -University of Brno
  • Tomas Jirak - University of Brno
  • Victor Revilla Calvo -University of Barcelona
  • Fabio Mestici - SAMA Scavi Archeologici
  • Aitor Cano Espi - Karen Oliver - Sarah Evans - Beatriz Castro Martínez - Rebekka Hocking - Angela Payne - Yolanda Delgado Romero - Debora Cruz - Sonia Perona Martinez - Javier Martinez Alvarez - Remedios Martínez García - Virginia Rodriguez Castro - Selin Kahramanoglu - Yaiza Águeda Pérez Carracedo - Luis Miguel Romo Castañeda - Timothy Peterson - Charles Avery - Grace McKenzie-McHarg - Beatriz Hernàez Saceda - Diego Diaz Gonzalez - Samuel Cockerill.
  • Ana Maria Miguelez - Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Doctores y Licenciados en Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias de Valencia y Castellón
  • Joaquin Alfonso - Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Doctores y Licenciados en Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias de Valencia y Castellón
  • Pasquale Longobardi - Studio Longobardi
  • Pedro Corredor Peinado- Colegio Oficial de doctores y licenciados en Filosofia y Letras y en Ciencias de Valencia
  • Ilaria Frumenti - Università degli Studi Roma Tre

Research Body

  • British School at Rome
  • Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Doctores y Licenciados en Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias de Valencia y Castellón
  • Museo de Prehistoria de la Diputación de Valencia.

Funding Body

  • Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Doctores y Licenciados en Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias de Valencia y Castellón

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