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Excavation

  • Incoronata
  • Metaponto
  •  
  • Italy
  • Basilicate
  • Provincia di Matera
  • Pisticci

Tools

Credits

  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • The west part of Sector 1, in the north-eastern area of the hill, was enlarged by 6 × 6 m. This led to the exposure of a new area of the large floor US 38, without however reaching its edge. The surface of minute cobbles was 25 m long, on a perfect east-west alignment with a uniform level for the entire length. It overlay a substantial artificial ruderatio (of earth and stones) datable to the 8th century B.C. With the aim of defining the nature and limits of this structure, most of the large layer of fine greyish soil was removed that completely covered the sector at the edge of the hill, and took the form of a concentration of large cobbles in correspondence with the floor. The creation of these massive “covering” layers appeared to be the result of a vast operation of razing, levelling and obliteration. An interesting example of figured pottery, probably from Chios, and an Ionian cup datable to the end of the 7th century B.C. were found within the obliteration layers. This evidence – in association with the dating of the eastern Greek and Laconian amphorae present within coeval deposits – confirmed that the abandonment of the site can no longer be dated to the third quarter of the century (as previously thought) but to at least the last quarter of the 7th century B.C.

    In the north-eastern zone of Sector 1, the excavation of the craft-working area was extended (10 × 13 m). This area included an underground clay quarry, the remains of kilns, kiln wasters, firing surfaces and developed to the north of the cobble floor. The excavation revealed, at a few centimetres below the humus, a layer of earth covering an extensive surface relating to the last phase of use of this production area. It was characterised by the presence of marked concentrations of baked clay, layers of earth that had been exposed to fire (reddened and/or blackened), fired and blackened vegetal remains. Large concentrations of pottery fragments were also present, belonging to single vessels made of plain and impasto wares of Greek and Enotrian production, datable to the 7th century B.C., corresponding with the final phase of the craft-working area and further attesting the “mixed” nature of the 7th century occupation phase.
    Further north, a row of small stones was uncovered, about 3.5 m long and on an east-west alignment. Due to its reduced measurements, at present it is not interpreted as an actual wall. Still further north was an area characterised by a substantial concentration of jumbled together stones and brick fragments, whose function has yet to be determined.

    Excavations also began in the zone between the surfaces relating to the craft-working area and the eastern edge of the clay quarry, with the aim of analysing the stratigraphical and chronological relationships between these features. This led to the identification of the eastern edge of the cut for the underground clay quarry.

    In order to gain a further data regarding the functioning of the craft-working area, samples were taken from the firing floor and from patches of baked clay.

  • Mario Denti - Laboratoire LAHM, UMR 6566 CReAAH, Université de Rennes 2  

Director

  • Mario Denti - Laboratoire LAHM, UMR 6566 CReAAH, Université de Rennes 2

Team

  • Clémént Bellamy - Université Rennes 2
  • François Meadeb - Université de Rennes 2
  • Ilaria Tirloni - Université de Rennes 2
  • Marie–Laure Thierry - Université Rennes 2
  • Mathilde Villette - Université de Rennes 2
  • Paul Lagarrigue - Université Rennes 2
  • Mario Denti - Laboratoire LAHM, UMR 6566 CReAAH, Université de Rennes 2
  • Philippe Lanos - Institut de Recherche sur les Archéomatériaux IRAMAT), CNRS UMR 5060, Centre de Recherche en Physique Appliquée à l’Archéologie (CRPAA), Université Bordeaux 3

Research Body

  • Laboratoire LAHM
  • UMR 6566 CReAAH
  • Université de Rennes 2

Funding Body

  • Laboratoire LAHM
  • UMR 6566 CReAAH
  • Université de Rennes 2

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