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Excavation

  • Molia
  • Illorai
  •  
  • Italy
  • Sardinia
  • Provincia di Sassari
  • Illorai

Tools

Credits

  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • The work was divided into three sectors:
    1.Organisation of the area with a view to its enhancement;
    2. Laying out of the grid and setting up of the excavations;
    3. Excavation of domus de janas IV.

    1. The sediments that had accumulated over the last 30 years were removed from the three chambers of tomb I, which can now be visited.
    A covering system for the hypogea is in the study phase, in view of opening to the public.
    Petrographical analyses are being carried out at Caglieri University, the results will establish regulations for the monitoring and consolidation of the rocky substrata.

    2. Once point 0 was established, the area was divided into 5 × 5 m squares running north-south. The gird used in previous campaigns, arranged in parallel with the front of the hill section caused by the excavations undertaken using a mechanical digger for construction work, was inserted into the new system.

    It was chosen to excavate tomb IV, as it was protected by the flyover, and in appearance did not present any logistical problems. The earlier 1 m grid in the area was reconstructed.
    The flotation of the excavation sediments, in some cases removed intact was carried out at Cagliary University’s Centre for the Conservation of Biodiversity.
    3.Tomb IV was still covered by the nylon sheeting that had been put down at the end of excavations and showed no signs of having been disturbed.
    The hypogeum was formed by the dromos, semicircular antechamber, and two quadrangular chambers (cella 1 and cella 2). Chambers 1 and 2 were completely excavated; there was residual stratigraphy in the antechamber, which seemed to continue in the dromos: excavation of the dromos began. Cella 2 did not produce any archaeological material; cella 1 contained a funerary context of the Bonnanaro culture, situated in the north-western corner on the floor; in the antechamber there were several contexts of the Ozieri culture. Radiometric dating is being carried out.

    The pottery and lithic materials were abundant in the antechamber, in association with palaeo-botanical and palaeo-faunal remains.
    Digging tools (picks, wide bladed implements, scrapers etc), intact or fragmentary, used and unused, were prevalent among the lithic artefacts.
    In synthesis: 42 contexts were identified
    Archaeological finds inventoried: 723
    Sediment and/or charcoal and carbonized seed samples: 44.
    The graphic and photographic documentation was digitized.

  • Giuseppa Tanda - Dipartimento di Storia, Beni Culturali e Territorio - Università di Cagliari 

Director

  • Gianfranca Salis - Soprintendenza Archeologica per le province di Sassari e Nuoro
  • Gianfranco Sanna

Team

  • Lai Luca - Università di Cagliari
  • Claudia Carente- Università di Sassari
  • Paglietti Giacomo - Università di Sassari
  • Ucchesu Mariano - Università di Cagliari
  • Portas Laura - Università di Sassari
  • Giuseppa Tanda - Dipartimento di Storia, Beni Culturali e Territorio - Università di Cagliari
  • Loi Cinzia, Macis Elisa, Marcialis Paolo, Tolu Laura - Università di Cagliari
  • Doro Luca - l’Università di Sassari
  • Gallo Amilcare - Università di Sassari
  • Sirigu Riccardo
  • Filia Ottavio
  • Galistu Luigi
  • Pitzolu Raimondo

Research Body

  • Dipartimento di Storia, Beni Culturali e Territorio, Università di Cagliari

Funding Body

  • Comune di Illorai
  • Dipartimento di Storia, Beni Culturali e Territorio, Università di Cagliari

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