The excavation uncovered structures belonging to a religious complex in use from the 4th century B.C. until the Julio-Claudian period. The Lucanian sanctuary comprised a built up area, constructed on three descending terraces and an area free of buildings with a stream and a channel used for ritual purposes.
The square oikos (A) was part of the original layout. Open to the east and covered by a double sloping roof, it was situated at the centre of a Lucanian type square enclosure. The first restructuring of the sanctuary occurred between the second half of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd century B.C. This involved the partial definition of the southern enclosure and the construction of a new covered building (B) with a portico on a purpose-built terrace below that on which the oikos stood.
The next alterations date to the middle years of the 3rd century B.C. and involved the lowest terrace. Structure B was abandoned and a new covered building© constructed on a higher level took its place. At the same time the small natural water course and the channel in the eastern part of the cult area were obliterated.
The sanctuary’s final transformation, during the 1st century B.C., saw a series of interventions: building C was divided by a wall into a square room to the west (D) and a rectangular one to the east (E); the large square area was substituted by a smaller space, still centred on the sacellum A, which continued to open towards the east; to the north and east an open air enclosure was built providing new access to the cult area.
Near the monumental threshold, in an area delimited by stones placed on edge, objects forming a possible “foundation” deposit or linked to the ritual for the inauguration of a new space were found: a Roman lamp; a miniature vase relating to the offering of first-fruits; a loom weight which may allude both to the mundus muliebris to which the ritual relates and to its original function; a small late archaic terracotta head, interpreted as representing the continuity of earlier religious experiences within the cult.
Within the sacred area was an empty circular space, perhaps destined for chthonic ritual practices, covered by a substantial layer of tiles below which were various objects including lamps and a small bronze statuette of Lar. (MiBAC)
- Alfonsina Russo - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Basilicata
- Barbara Serio
- Lara Cossalter - Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia dell’Università della Basilicata
- Lucia Colangelo
- Marco Di Lieto - Università degli Studi della Basilicata – responsabile documentazione grafica
- Tiziana Saccone
- Massimo Osanna - Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia di Matera
- Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia di Matera, Università degli Studi della Basilicata
- No files have been added yet