Between June and October 2006 investigations were undertaken on the top of the hill (trenches III-VI) and the western side of the plateau (trench II) near the main point of access to the hill top used by the archaic, Lucanian and medieval settlements. These are the first excavations on the hill top although, in the 1960s, a survey and preliminary cleaning of the visible structures was undertaken by David Whitehouse with the aim of gaining an understanding of the medieval settlement’s topography.
The data acquired so far helps delineate the layout of the medieval settlement of Satrianum, characterised by a church-cathedral and a series of buildings arranged around a courtyard occupied by a large cistern. This complex probably housed the monastic community. In particular, excavation of the church-cathedral led to the identification of the plan and alterations to the monument over the centuries.
Along the side naves numerous burials were discovered: eight tombs, two in the north nave, six in the south. Tomb 2 is worthy of note, situated in the north nave it is characterised by the presence of four overlying depositions, the last of which had various objects of personal ornament dating to the early Angevine period.
The material found in the substantial layers of collapsed walls and roofing consisted mainly of either glazed or enamelled plain buff wares (14th-15th century) and dates the abandonment of the building to within the 15th century. On the whole this dating agrees with the documentary evidence which attests the abandonment of the bishop’s see towards the end of the century.
Also of importance is the presence of residual material among the finds consisting of several fragments of pottery which pre-dates the medieval period. This was found below the church floor levels, at the points in which several cuts in the floors made it possible to investigate, even though for short stretches, the levels below. In particular, finds of black glaze ware dating to the beginning of the 4th century B.C. provides new information about the occupation of the area before the creation of the medieval settlement. (MiBAC)
- Alfonsina Russo - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Basilicata
- Barbara Serio
- Lara Cossalter - Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia dell’Università della Basilicata
- Lucia Colangelo
- Marco Di Lieto - Università degli Studi della Basilicata – responsabile documentazione grafica
- Tiziana Saccone
- Massimo Osanna - Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia di Matera
- Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia di Matera, Università degli Studi della Basilicata
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