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Excavation

  • Serdica - Amphitheater
  • Sofia
  • Serdica, Sredets
  • Bulgaria
  • Sofia-Capital

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Credits

  • The Bulgarian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    the Department of Archaeology, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • AMPHITHEATRUM SERDICAENSE (Zharin Velichkov – zharin@abv.bg) Embankments from the Roman period were discovered to the north of the amphitheater of Serdica, close to Via Diagonalis from Serdica to Philippopolis. The embankments contained c. 620 coins, a gold earring, a small gold plate, a silver appliqué of the 3rd century AD and a small lead votive plate showing the Danubian Horsemen. Inhumation burials of four children from 4 to 14 years old and two men, 20 and 25 years old, dated to the 4th – 6th centuries AD and the Middle Ages were explored. The northern, outer face of the wall surrounding the arena of the amphitheater was discovered. It cut an earlier wall, probably the corner of the scaena of the Roman theater. A stone pavement probably belonging to the orchestra of the theater was discovered. The foundations of the wall of the arena of the amphitheater were built of uneven stones bonded with mortar. The wall, 1.30 m wide, was constructed in opus mixtum of bricks and boulders bonded with mortar. It was preserved up to 1.65 m in height. There were two buttresses, 1.30 m wide, situated at c. 4 m from each other and supporting the northern curve of the wall of the arena. The eastern jamb of an entrance to the arena, c. 1.40 m wide, was discovered. The jamb was built of bricks. The entrance had a stone threshold with a groove for the door. The finds included 25 commercial lead seals of the 3rd – 5th centuries AD, four exagia of the 4th – 6th centuries AD, 1900 coins, including an as of Commodus, a denarius of Septimius Severus, 12 Roman provincial bronze coins from the first half of the 3rd century AD, 105 billon and copper antoniani minted from AD 238 to 282, belonging to Gallienus, Claudius Gothicus, Aurelian, etc., and at least 1365 bronze coins of the 4th century AD, mostly belonging to Constantine the Great and his sons, Valentinian I, Theodosius I and Arcadius, six Byzantine anonymous folles of the end of 11th – 12th centuries, 28 Ottoman akçe and mangır of the 16th – 19th centuries, and copper commercial tokens of Nürnberg of the end of the 17th century.

  • Zharin Velichkov - National Institute for the Monuments of the Culture 

Director

  • Zharin Velichkov - National Institute for the Monuments of the Culture

Team

Research Body

  • National Institute for the Monuments of the Culture

Funding Body

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