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Excavation

  • Serdica - Amphitheater
  • Sofia
  • Serdica, Sredets
  • Bulgaria
  • Sofia-grad

Tools

Credits

  • The Bulgarian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    the Department of Archaeology, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • AMPHITHEATRUM SERDICAENSE (Zharin Velichkov – zharin@abv.bg) About one quarter of the cavea was discovered. The foundations of two curved parallel walls were explored. One of them is part of the façade; the other belongs to the arena. Three radial walls forming the cunei connect the curved parallel walls. The amphitheater was built in opus mixtum. Two cunei and part of the third one were excavated. There are passages in the radial walls connecting the separate cunei. A vomitorium leading towards the arena existed in the northern part of the cavea, with a drain in the middle of the passage. The third cuneus ended with pillars and the footings of an arch, whose construction built of bricks collapsed on the ancient ground surface. The flooring consisted of bricks. The cuneus has an entrance to the east, outside the building, and radial wall that divides the cuneus in two was built at the entrance. Stone seats were placed on the vaults covering the different sectors. Coins of Maximianus date construction of the first Maeniana to the end of the 3rd century AD. During the second construction period, the cavea was widened with a probable second Maeniana. The second period is dated to the first quarter of the 4th century AD, by coins of Constantine the Great. During the second half of the 4th century AD, the amphitheater lost its functions and was abandoned and used like a quarry for building material. A dwelling and a hearth of the second half of the 5th and beginning of the 6th centuries, based on coins of Anastasius I, were explored inside the second cuneus. Dwellings of the 4th – 5th centuries, dated by bronze coins of the 4th century AD, were discovered under the stratum of the 6th century.

Director

  • Zharin Velichkov - National Institute for the Monuments of the Culture

Team

Research Body

  • National Institute for the Monuments of the Culture

Funding Body

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