The 2010 campaign of excavation in the rock shelter Riparo Tagliente (Stallavena di Grezzana, Verona) took place between the 10th September and 8th October. The levels from the Epigravettian (final Upper Palaeolithic) and Mousterian (Middle Palaeolithic) were investigated.
Three areas of the Epigravettian deposit were explored: – in the north sector (external area) the removal of US 356 continued (large mass of waste from lithic working belonging to the lower part of the Epigravettian series). The surfaces were documented with geophotos and the finds coordinates registered. – In the outermost corridor, between the collapsed boulders and section, excavation continued of a substantial clastic level (US 365 II), formed by the collapse from the rock face. The large rocks present in the area in front of the shelter probably resulted from the same collapse. Above this collapse, a new level was identified (US 366) within a limited area, characterised by a concentration of flints of the Scaglia Variegata type.
- In the north sector (internal area) an Epigravettian surface uncovered in the early 1990s was cleaned back. This presumably belonged to one of the first late Palaeolithic occupation phases of the site and developed around two hearths (US 250 and US 311), the first of which was excavated in the 1990s, (the negative interface was visible) and the second still to be excavated. The two hearths (US 250 e US 311) and related occupation surface were photographed. The excavation of the Epigravettian surface then resumed in the area at the bottom of the rock face, in direct contact with the Mousterian level. Investigations also resumed in the strip of quadrants corresponding with the line of the shelter’s maximum projection. These quadrants are significant for the understanding of the stratigraphic relationships existing between the internal and external areas of the shelter, as they are characterised by the development of levels continuing, respectively, in the two areas mentioned above.
In the south sector, hearth US 615, partially destroyed by a medieval cut, was excavated together with layer US 616 overlying the occupation surface around the hearths. In particular, cut 1 was removed which was characterized by artefacts in sub-planar position and disturbed by small animal burrows. Next, the second cut (US 616II) was exposed, characterized by a decrease in the number of artefacts and bones. Finally, a series of levels were removed in the same sector, with the aim of uncovering the continuation of US 9. This flat layer contained bones and flint, corresponded with an ancient palaeo-surface, a portion of which was uncovered in the 1970s. The layers in this zone appeared partially cut by a large deep burrow, while in the outer zone (US 617) they were “homogenized” by probable post-depositional disturbance of an unknown nature.
- Federica Fontana - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Antonio Guerreschi - Università di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Maria Giovanna Cremona - Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Biologia ed Evoluzione
- Davide Visentin - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanisitici
- Ursula Thun Hohenstein - Università di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Anna Casini - Università di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Laura Falceri - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Carlo Peretto - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Luca Trombino - Università di Milano - Dipartimento di "Scienze della Terra"
- Marta Arzarello - Università degli Studi di Ferrara
- Università degli Studi di Ferrara
- Comune di Grezzana
- Regione Veneto
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