FOLD&R Italy Series

Editors: Helga Di Giuseppe, Elizabeth Fentress
Scientific Committee: Gilda Bartoloni, Enrico Benelli, Alessandra Capodiferro, Alberto Cazella, Alfredo Coppa, Michael Crawford, Stefano De Caro, Alessandro Guidi, Paolo Liverani, Alessandra Molinari, Massimo Osanna, Emanuele Papi, Lucia Saguì, Catherine Virlouvet, Giuliano Volpe, Andrew Wallace-Hadrill

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Index for 2018

  • 416 - Angelo Castrorao Barba - Università degli Studi di Palermo, Roberto Miccichè, Filippo Pisciotta, Pasquale Marino, Giuseppe Bazan - Università degli Studi di Palermo, Carla Aleo Nero - Soprintendenza BB.CC.AA. di Palermo, Stefano Vassallo- Soprintendenza BB.CC.AA. di Palermo. 2018. Archeologia nel territorio dei Monti Sicani (Harvesting Memories project). L’insediamento di lunga durata di Contrada Castro (Corleone, Palermo). Prima campagna di scavo 2017. The “Harvesting Memories” project aims to address diachronic change in landscape and settlement patterns during the long-term in the area of Sicani Mountains in Central-West Sicily (Italy). This area is a sort of palimpsest of Mediterranean inland areas characterized by a long-term occupation of low-lying lands suitable for agriculture and hills for pastoral activities. The settlement dynamics of this inner area are well documented in the archaeological sequence of the hilltop site of Contrada Castro. Recent excavation (spring 2017) showed dry-stone structures related to the Islamic and Norman period (9th-12th c. AD), a Byzantine infant burial (7th-8th c. AD) and evidence (layer of morphology regularization and pottery) connected to an archaic indigenous settlement (6th-5th c. BC). The investigation of this new rural site provided relevant insights of longue durée patterns in hilltop settlements of Sicily between Antiquity and Middle Ages. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 415 - Katherine V. Huntley - Boise State University, Hannah Friedman - Texas Tech University, Penelope A. Allison - Leicester University. 2018. Recovering the fragments of the Roman Colony of Libarna: Libarna Archaeological Project (LAP) Field Report, Season 1 . The Roman city of Libarna has the potential to add greater understanding of the social and cultural development of ur-ban life in northwest Italy, a relatively liminal geographical area between peninsular Roman Italy and its provinces. The Libarna Archaeological Project (LAP) used several geophysical survey methods to investigate Libarna’s urban plan, which is only currently known in fragments due to two hundred years of sporadic excavation and modern development. During a 3-week pilot season LAP was able to begin filling in the map of Libarna’s urban area using resistivity, magnetometry, GPR, and drone photogrammetry. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 414 - Paolo Rondini- Università degli Studi di Pavia, Alberto Marretta - Parco Archeologico Comunale di Seradina – Bedolina, Capo di Ponte – BS, Maria Giuseppina Ruggiero. 2018. Nuove ricerche archeologiche a Capo di Ponte (Valle Camonica, BS): Dos dell’Arca e l’area dei “Quattro Dossi” . The archaeological area “Quattro Dossi” represents one of the most important protohistoric sites in Valle Camonica (BS). Discovered in the 1950s, and excavated in 1962 (dir. E. Anati), the small hill of Dos dell’Arca is the southernmost and the most well-known of the four rocky hills comprising the whole site. The excavations carried out in 1962 at Dos dell’Arca revealed evidence of the first human frequentation in the area, dating back to the Late Neolithic / Early Copper Age, as well as later phases of stable human presence in Middle-Late Bronze Age – the“Terramare” culture – and in the Second Iron Age, displaying cultural features of key importance to the alpine area of Lombardy. At this site 11 rock surfaces with prehistoric engravings were also documented. The engraved figures date to two main periods: the Late Neolithic/Chalcolithic and the Iron Age, and are of great iconographic interest, especially considering three of them were found below archaeological context. Thanks to a survey project, carried out from 2015 to 2017 by the University of Pavia in collaboration with Soprintendenza Archeologia della Lombardia, several new engraved rocks have been discovered in the “Quattro Dossi” area. This paper presents the new findings in Dos dell’Arca, amounting to a total of 24 new engraved rocks, all located around the perimeter of the previous excavations. Of these rocks, three are fully documented: n. 24 – sector A displays scenes of major relevance to the iconography of the Iron Age, with a peculiar depiction of a single-pillared hut, animals, warriors and horsemen carrying shields, spears and swords, while in sector B, there is a geometric configuration of lines and shapes generally believed to be “topographical” and dated to the Late Neolithic or Early Copper Age. Rock 28, datable to the Iron Age, shows a huge anthropomorphic figure with arms held high and what appears to be helmet, below two figures of palette, a symbol often related to funerary practices, while Rock 33 only presents geometric elements, abstract motifs usually dated to Late Neolithic/Early Copper Age. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 413 - Alessandro Sebastiani- University at Buffalo – SUNY, Fabiana Fabbri, Valentina Trotta, Edoardo Vanni. 2018. The First Archaeological Season at Podere Cannicci (Civitella Paganico - GR) . The aim of this paper is to present the preliminary results of the first archaeological season (May-June 2017) at the ar-chaeological site of Podere Cannicci (Civitella Paganico – GR). The excavations focused on a new small portion of a Ro-man settlement, previously investigated by the Soprintendenza Archeologia Toscana in the 1990s. The research revealed the existence of other functional spaces belonging to the settlement, which was interpreted as the pars rustica of a villa. Our research brought to light a blacksmith’s workshop and some other facilities that were in use between the 3rd c. BC and the years of the Second Civil War (beginning of the 1st c. BC). The paper also offers a reassessment of the archaeological data of the earlier excavation seasons (1989-1990), as well as a preliminary overview of the territory of Civitella Paganico in the Roman period. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 412 - Martin O.H. Carver, Department of Archaeology, University of York, Alessandra Molinari, Veronica Aniceti , Francesca Colangeli, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Nicoletta Giannini,Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Fabio Giovannini,Università di Foggia, Madeleine Hummler, University of York, Claudio F. Mangiaracina, Antonino Meo Università di Sassari, Paola Orecchioni, Università di Roma Tor Vergata. 2018. Sicily in transition Interim report of investigations at Castronovo di Sicilia 2016 . La città di Castronovo di Sicilia (PA) e i suoi dintorni sono attualmente oggetto di ricerche archeologiche condotte dalle università di York, Roma e Lecce in collaborazione con la Soprintendenza per i Beni culturali e ambientali di Palermo e con il sostegno del Comune di Castronovo. Quattro diversi insediamenti sono stati indagati per mezzo di prospezioni e scavi. Sul Monte Kassar, interpretabile, allo stato attuale delle ricerche, come una fortezza bizantina dell’ VIII–IX secolo, nel 2015 sono state individuate strutture con funzione abitativa all’interno e in appoggio alle fortificazioni, mentre nel 2016 sono stati scavati i resti di una “casaforte” (la cosiddetta “casermetta"). Sul Colle San Vitale, i ruderi delle strutture medievali ancora in piedi sono stati oggetto di una prospezione di alta precisione, come anche la città vecchia di Castronovo, dove anche sono stati individuate e cartografate le acque sotterranee e un sistema di irrigazione. Infine, a Casale San Pietro, nella pianura vicino a Castronovo e sulle rive del fiume Platani, un insediamento esteso di epoca tardoromana e bizantina (orientativamente dei secoli V–VII secolo) è stato parzialmente identificato attraverso prospezioni geofisiche, raccolte di superficie e sondaggi. Nel 2015 e 2016 è stato possibile dimostrare in un’area di scavo (Int 5) che l’insediamento di epoca bizantina (la cosiddetta agro-town) è stato rioccupato da uno di epoca islamica e normanna (IX–XII secolo). L’attuale campagna di ricerche sul Medioevo nel Comune di Castronovo di Sicilia (PA) è stata avviata nel 2014 e proseguita nel 2015. Nel corso del 2016, queste indagini hanno assunto un ruolo centrale nel progetto più ampio finanziato dall’European Research Council (SICTRANSIT). L’obiettivo centrale di questo progetto è di comprendere il carattere delle trasformazioni economiche, ambientali e sociali dell’intera Sicilia tra il VI e il XIII secolo . La relazione che segue presenta i risultati ottenuti nel 2016 a Castronovo nei quattro insediamenti principali e una breve descrizione delle ricerche in corso sulla ceramica, la fauna, e i reperti particolari effettuata dai responsabili delle loro analisi. Infine, si conclude con una valutazione del significato della campagna del 2016 e uno sguardo alle prossime tappe del progetto. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 411 - Salvatore De Vincenzo. 2018. Indagini archeologiche nel foro della colonia romana di Liternum. Liternum is one of five Roman colonies founded in 194 BC. Within the scope of a new research project regarding the de-velopment of the forum of Liternum, the basilica, as well as the podium of the capitolium and the space between the po-dium and the odeion, have been excavated. The stratigraphic investigations revealed five construction phases. The first phase is evidenced by the temple of the forum. The second phase comprises the construction of the basilica and of the buildings north of the podium, which were built in opus quasi reticulatum. They should be dated to the beginning of the 1st century BC. Within the third phase, in the Augustan period, the monumentalization of the forum with the encompassing porticus took place. In the late years of Domitian's rule, the capitolium was rebuilt and given a new architectonic decoration. The odeion was built in the last construction phase during the middle imperial period. Keywords: Liternum, Roman colonies, Roman basilica, Fora, Capitolium PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 410 - Fabio Fabiani - Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere - Università di Pisa., Salvatore Basile- Università di Pisa, Antonio Campus-Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia , Giuseppe Clemente. 2018. Indagini archeologiche alle Terme “di Nerone” a Pisa: ricerca, didattica, valorizzazione . The first archaeological campaign at the so-called Terme di Nerone in Pisa took place in the months of June and July 2017; this is the only Roman period building in Pisa that has kept his monumental structure until present time. The investigations carried out between the end of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century left many gaps in the understanding of this monument: its floor plan, the destination of some of its spaces, its relationship with the city context, its dating, which is generically set between the I and the II centuries AD, and the knowledge of its late-antique and medieval life, which were totally ignored in the past. The excavation brought to light new spaces and new data on the building’s architecture; a necropolis occupying the ruins of the building during the late-antiquity was also identified. Finally, the research focused on the medieval and modern buildings that had incorporated the ancient structures, changing several times the urban landscape of this district of the town. Keywords: Pisa, Tuscany, Roman bath, Roman architecture and urbanism PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 409 - Paolo Storchi- Sapienza Università di Roma, Antonella Pansini - –Sapienza Università di Roma . 2018. La ripresa degli scavi al Castellazzo di Taneto: note preliminari su una struttura fortificata Altomedievale nel Regno Italico. In Late-Antiquity several cities became small villages and then disappeared in Italy. As for the Regio Octava, this situation is evident if we compare Pliny’s list of the cities in Aemilia (first century AD) with that of the early-medieval dioceses: 12/24 cities disappeared. Tannetum is one of those centres and the “Tannetum archaeological project’ (Sapienza Università di Roma in collaboration with Syddansk Universitet of Odense) aim is the historical reconstruction of the evolution of Enza River district, Po Valley (RE, Italy). In 2017 a defensive structure was excavated in a place named “Castellazzo”. This area had been surveyed in the Fifties, but these excavations failed to solve the historical enigma of what this fortress was or how old may it be. The 2017 survey revealed some new fundamental clues fot the datation of the structure and new data about the building tecnique and constructive phases. This seems to be one of the oldest castles in the area: a c14 analysis date it at the IX Century. This study addresses the origin of this building to the policy uncertainty of Italy in that period more than to the “barbarian invasions” that took place only some decades later. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 408 - Alex Walthall, Randall Souza - Seattle University , Jared Benton, Elizabeth Wueste. 2018. Preliminary Report on the 2015 Field Season of the American Excavations at Morgantina: Contrada Agnese Project (CAP). In its third season, the Contrada Agnese Project (CAP) continued archaeological investigations in the remains of a building, located near the western margins of the ancient urban center of Morgantina. In 2015, excavations opened a larger portion of the so-called Southeast Building, extending from the trenches opened during the 2014 season. These investigations yielded evidence from construction trenches and sub-floor fills that now allow a preliminary dating of the building’s phases. The building appears to have had a short life, having been built and abandoned within fewer than 75 years, beginning around the middle of the third century BCE. New architectural features were revealed by the 2015 excavations, including columns composed of terracotta drums and a small oven set in the corner of a central room, indications of monumental decoration and food production, respectively. This combination of monumentality and small-scale production leads excavators to identify the building as a modest house, but further excavations will be needed to fully characterize its form and function. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 407 - Paolo Brocato, Luciano Altomare - Università della Calabria. 2018. Nuovi scavi nell’abitato del Timpone della Motta di Francavilla Marittima (CS): risultati preliminari della campagna 2017. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 406 - Marco Camera - Università degli Studi di Catania. 2018. Gli scavi nell’area delle fortificazioni settentrionali di Leontinoi. The historian Polybius describes the ancient Leontinoi as lying in a valley between two precipitous hills and facing North. The city was defended by a city wall and at each end of the valley there was a gate, the northern gate leading to the plain, the southern leading to Syracuse. At the northern end of the valle San Mauro, archaeological research between 1987 and 1995 led to the discovery of the remains of the northern fortifications. During archaeological excavations carried out systematically since 2009 the foundation levels of the fortifications were investigated, finding ceramics dating to the late fourth or early third century BC. The new data allow us to develop some hypotheses on the organization of an important sector of Hellenistic fortifications and on their spoliation between the Roman conquest of the city in the late III century B.C. and Late Antiquity. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 405 - Giuseppe Lepore- Università degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Storia Culture Civiltà - Sezione di Archeologia, Giuseppe Parello, Enrico Giorgi, Federica Boschi - Università di Bologna, Michele Silani - Università di Bologna, Michele Scalici, Vincenzo Baldoni - Università di Bologna, Enrico Cirelli - Università di Bologna. 2018. Agrigento I: nuove ricerche nell'insula III del quartiere ellenistico-romano (2016-2017) . The so-called Ellenistic-Roman District of Agrigento is the widest area of the known ancient household. Its investigation began in the second half of the 19th century and continues untill today. The excavations have brought to light in an area of approx. 2 acres, part of 4 Insulae concerning the urban system. It is lo-cated in a central position, near the pubblic and religious areas: the forum/agora and the theater. Starting in 2016, the Uni-versity of Bologna, in collaboration with the Valle dei Templi Archaeological and Landscape Park of Agrigento, has under-taken a research project on the so-called 3rd Insula: during the first year the previous documentation, plans and drawings were recovered, as well as objects from the excavations of the 1950s, finally organized and that is being cataloged. At the same time, a new survey was carried out using modern technologies and a systematic campaign of non-invasive investiga-tions. During the second year, has been agreed a comprehensive program of investigative surveys, to answer some ques-tions about urban planning, mainly related to the structure of housing and chronology of the different levels of settlement. The recovered data, even if still under study, represent something new about the lifestyle in Greek, Hellenistic, Roman and Late Antiquity: the evidences found, in fact, demonstrate without a doubt that this sector of the city was established starting from the first half of the 6th century BCE and that the permanent occupation lasted at least until the 5th century CE with a prolonged presence that, in different forms, continues at least until the 8th century CE. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 407 - Alex Walthall, Jared Benton, Elizabeth Wueste, Andrew Tharler, Randall Souza - Seattle University . 2018. Preliminary Report on the 2015 Field Season of the American Excavations at Morgantina: Contrada Agnese Project (CAP). In its third season, the Contrada Agnese Project (CAP) continued archaeological investigations in the remains of a building, located near the western margins of the ancient urban center of Morgantina. In 2015, excavations opened a larger portion of the so-called Southeast Building, extending from the trenches opened during the 2014 season. These investigations yielded evidence from construction trenches and sub-floor fills that now allow a preliminary dating of the building’s phases. The building appears to have had a short life, having been built and abandoned within fewer than 75 years, beginning around the middle of the third century BCE. New architectural features were revealed by the 2015 excavations, including columns composed of terracotta drums and a small oven set in the corner of a central room, indications of monumental decoration and food production, respectively. This combination of monumentality and small-scale production leads excavators to identify the building as a modest house, but further excavations will be needed to fully characterize its form and function. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 404 - Andrea Raffaele Ghiotto Università degli Studi di Padova - Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali, Simone Berto- Università degli Studi di Padova - Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali, Rita Deiana- Università di Padova, Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali, Giulia Fioratto- Università degli Studi di Padova - Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali, Guido Furlan- Università di Padova, Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali. 2018. Il teatro romano di Aquileia: l’individuazione dell’edificio e lo scavo della cavea . The paper provides a preliminary report on the 2015-2017 excavations carried out by the Department of Cultural Heritage, Università di Padova, in the area named Fondi ex Comelli-Moro, in Aquileia. The investigations led to the discovery of the theatre of the ancient city, whose approximate location had been previously conjectured by Luisa Bertacchi. Following archive research and geophysical prospections, the excavations focused on the area occupied by the cavea foundations, revealing their overall dimensions (width of about 95 m) and architectural layout: the summa and media cavea were supported by series of radial walls, while the ima cavea was made of one single, bulky concrete casting. The excavation also provided insights on the area surrounding the theatre and on the activities which were carried out within the building once it ceased to be used for performances, particularly metalworking. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 403 - Maurizio Fascitiello. 2018. The Excavation of Villa C at Casale Dragoncello (Acilia). Questo studio riguarda l’area del Dragoncello, nel suburbio ostiense, presso la moderna cittadina di Acilia. Gli scavi con-dotti sin dagli anni ’80 dello scorso secolo hanno portato alla luce fattorie e grandi ville rustiche che delineano l’interesse della classe romana abbiente per quest’area. Lo scavo della Villa C, la più grande attualmente nota in questo territorio, con il suo monumentale quadriportico doppio, è un altro tassello fondamentale alla comprensione di un’area di enorme interesse archeologico e storico, a poca distanza dall’Urbe. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 402 - Barbara Maurina. 2018. Frammenti di intonaco e stucco rinvenuti nello scavo della domus Publica sul Palatino a Roma . The author presents a set of wall fresco and stucco fragments unearthed during the archaeological excavations carried out in the years 1990-1995 by Andrea Carandini in the area of the domus Publica on the Palatine Hill in Rome. They come from dump layers that have been deposited in order to obliterate demolished structures and raise the floor levels of the site. Most of them have a monochrome surface that is not useful for classification, but the analysis of the technique features and the ornamental repertoire of the decorated ones allowed the identification of different stylistic periods. In particular, a small amount of fragments can be assigned to the first Pompeian style, while the most of them have been divided into different units attributable to various phases of the second style. Very significant in the chronology of the context is the presence of fragments that can be ascribed to the transition phase from the second to the third Pompeian style (20-10 B.C.). There are also three different types of stucco mouldings. Key-words: Rome, Palatin Hill, fresco wall paintings, stucco mouldings, first style, second style, transition phase. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 6 - Giuseppe Romagnoli. 2018. Ferento medievale: le campagne di survey 2015 e 2016. Since 1994 University of Tuscia conducts archeological researches on the site of the roman and medieval city of Ferento, abandoned after the destruction by Viterbese in 1170-1172. The paper presents the first results of the survey conducted on the urban area in the 2015 and 2016 campaigns, in order to implement the digital archaeological mapping and to increase the knowledge on the topography and urban setting of a central section of the medieval city. This was obtained thanks to the integration of different non-intrusive research methods: topographic and aerial photography surveys, fieldwalking, radar analysis. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 401 - Fabrizio Mollo- Dipartimento di Civiltà Antiche e Moderne, Università degli Studi di Messina, V. Casella, G. Calonico , E. Donato, A. Laino , M. Puglisi , E. Rizzo, P. Siclari , M. Sergi , M. Sfacteria. 2018. Le ricerche archeologiche nel Foro di Blanda sul Palecastro di Tortora (CS). Campagna di scavo 2017. In June 2017, the DICAM of the University of Messina carried out a new campaign of archaeological excavations at the site of Blanda Julia (Tortora, CS). The investigations concerned the areas partially excavated in 2016 to better understand the development of the city Forum (areas 1000, 3000 and 4000), and a new area (6000) between the Plateia A and the three buildings on the south side of the Forum (temples A, B and the Capitolium).These new investigations helped us to define the Forum plan and its relationship with the residential area and, as regards area 6000, to shed new light on the archaic phase of the settlement on the Palecastro hill. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet
  • 400 - Alessia Contino, Gert-Jan Burgers, Lucilla D’Alessandro, Valerio De Leonardis , Sara Della Ricca , Raphaëlle-Anne Kok-Merlino, Renato Sebastiani. 2018. The afterlife of the Porticus Aemilia. I resti della Porticus Aemilia hanno caratterizzato nei secoli, insieme al Monte Testaccio e alle Mura Aureliane, il paesaggio della pianura subaventina, racchiuso tra le vie Florio, Branca, Rubattino e Vespucci. Tra il 2011 e il 2013, all’interno di un progetto di ricerca e valorizzazione coordinato dalla Soprintendenza, sono state effet-tuate tre campagne di scavo. Le indagini, in collaborazione con il KNIR, hanno permesso di acquisire nuovi dati sulla la vita e le modificazioni dell’edificio nel corso dei secoli. Secondo le fonti letterarie (Liv. 35.10.12; Liv. 41.27.8) nel 193 a.C. gli edili curuli M. Aemilius Lepidus e L. Aemilius Paulus promossero nell’area libera della Piana Subaventina, la realizzazione di un nuovo porto fluviale (Emporium) e di una grande costruzione ad esso connessa, la Porticus Aemilia; i lavori per l’edificazione di tale struttura si conclusero probabilmente attorno al 174 a.C. ad opera dei censori Q. Fulvius Flaccus e A. Postumius Albinus. Tradizionalmente identificato come edificio di stoccaggio, la Porticus è stata oggetto negli anni di altre proposte interpretative e funzionali, fra cui quella di struttura connessa ai controlli fiscali sugli approvvigionamenti e quella di darsena militare sul Tevere (Navalia). Lo scavo non ha incontrato i livelli repubblicani, probabilmente asportati in antico, ma ha potuto documentare l’architettura dell’edificio originari. La Porticus Aemilia venne interessata da ristrutturazioni, tra la fine del I d.C.-inizio del II sec. d.C. e il III d.C., volte a suddividere le navate in vani più piccoli, destinati probabilmente allo stoccaggio o ad attività manifatturiere. Tra la fine del IV d.C. e il VI d.C., la piana subaventina subì un processo di “ruralizzazione” e gli edifici furono progressivamente abbandonati. Anche la Porticus Aemilia subì lo stesso destino, come testimoniano i crolli rinvenuti nel corso degli scavi e le sepolture in anfora addossate alla struttura. Durante il lungo periodo di abbandono l’edificio, ridotto a rudere, si integrava nel paesaggio medievale e rinascimentale della piana, costituito prima da spazi rurali adibiti a orti e giardini suburbani e poi da vigneti e frutteti. Tra la fine del 1800 e il 1900, quando l’area subì un nuovo processo di edificazione con la costruzione del quartiere popolare, i resti della Porticus accolsero nel tempo una vetreria, di cui resta traccia nei molti reperti rinvenuti durante gli scavi, ma anche un deposito di acque minerali e persino una carrozzeria, cadendo nell’incuria e nel degrado fino al recente recupero. È parte del Museo Diffuso del Rione Testaccio, che comprende anche il Mercato di Testaccio e l’Emporium. PDFpermalinkRecord Sheet