Index for 2021
- 497 - Attilio Mastrocinque – Fiammetta Soriano . 2021. Indagini archeologiche nell’area della “Domus del Mitreo” di Tarquinia: campagne di scavo 2016-18 con documentazione tridimensionale. The University of Verona has been excavating the “Domus del Mitreo” since 2016. It falls within the area of the Civita di Tarquinia. Three years of excavation revealed forty rooms of a large building. They spread over five natural terraces sloping eastward. The stratigraphic sequence runs from the 6th century BCE to the early 7th century CE. The preliminary analysis of the stratigraphy has identified six periods of construction and occupation. In Periods I and II (6th to 5th century BCE and 4th to 3rd century BCE) there are traces of the earliest frequentation of the site and the construction of the first masonry buildings. In Period III (end of the 3rd to mid 1st century BCE) new masonry walls are built, mainly in a “chessboard” pattern. This period defines spaces, rooms, and courtyards. A major building programme takes place between the second half of the 2nd and mid 1st century BCE. New rooms are built and paved with decorated floors. This continues into Period IV (late 1st century BCE to 1st century CE). During Period V many of the previous rooms are divided into smaller rooms (2nd to 3rd century CE). There are traces of workshop activity. From Period VI (mid 4th to early 7th century CE) the domus changes its appearance. This probably occurred following an earthquake. This leads to a gradual abandonment of the site during the early 7th century CE.
- 496 - Viviana Cardarelli - Alessio De Cristofaro - Antonio F. Ferrandes - Rosita Oriolo - Ramon Simonetti - Alessandra Vivona . 2021. Sulla via Cornelia (II) Tracce di produzione agricola (III/inizi II sec. a.C.) e cava di pozzolana (I sec. a.C./I sec. d.C.) in via di Selva Candida 18 . The excavation, preliminary to the verification of the archaeological presence in a new building area, led to the discovery of remains of agricultural activities (late III – early II century BC), and a pozzolana quarry (I century BC-I century AD). The archaeological evidence relates to a productive settlement (villa?) located along the ancient via Cornelia. The issue also presents a comprehensive analysis of the ceramic contexts.
- 495 - Andrea Raffaele Ghiotto - Giulia Fioratto - Guido Furlan. 2021. Il teatro romano di Aquileia: lo scavo dell’aditus maximus settentrionale e dell’edificio scenico . The paper presents the results of the last two campaigns of investigation in the Roman theatre of Aquileia. Discov-ered in 2015, the 95 meters wide building has been excavated through a series of trenches allowing the reconstruc-tion of most of the cavea. During the years 2018-19 the excavation moved to the core of the building, allowing a first reconstruction of its northern access and basilica, of the orchestra and of the scene building, with its stage and scaenae frons. In addition to architectural data, the new investigations allow us to sketch in some detail the evolution of the theatre from its construction to its reuse and, eventually, abandonment and dismantling.
- 494 - G. M. Crothers - J.R. Jansson - J.E. Knapp - P.A.L. Crestani - P. Mazzaglia - P. Visonà edited by Paolo Visonà . 2021. University of Kentucky and Langara College archaeological investigations at località Coculédi, contrada Bregatorto, and in the hinterland of Antonimina (Reggio Calabria) in 2017-2019. Due campagne di prospezioni geofisiche e saggi di scavo in località Coculédi e in contrada Bregatorto, due siti contigui ubicati sul margine orientale della Dorsale Tabulare tra Jonio e Tirreno, alla quota di 980 m s.l.m. e a 14 km di distanza dal- la costa jonica, hanno accertato la presenza di un grande edificio e di una fortificazione rurale attribuibili a Locri Epizephyrii. L’edificio in località Coculédi, esteso su un’area di c. 600 m², venne costruito verso la fine del VI secolo e fu distrutto e ab- bandonato prima della metà del V sec. a.C.; le sue funzioni non sono ancora definibili. La fortificazione in contrada Brega- torto, coprente un’area di oltre 1900 m², fu occupata dagli inizi del V secolo fino al III sec. a.C.; in essa si individua il princi- pale punto di controllo del percorso di collegamento più diretto da Locri ai centri di Métauros e Medma sul versante tirreni- co meridionale. L’identità culturale locrese di entrambi i siti si evince anche dall’evidenza dei rinvenimenti ceramici, che tro- vano stretti confronti in ambito locrese. Altri tre siti contigui con materiali di età greca (un probabile insediamento rurale e due posti di vedetta) sono stati identificati presso Monte S. Mauro, lungo il percorso in direzione di contrada Bregatorto proveniente dalla costa jonica. Questa concentrazione di siti ai margini della chora e l’esistenza di un sito fortificato in una posizione strategica sulla Dorsale Tabulare documentano un’organizzazione del territorio locrese e un sistema di controllo della viabilità interna fin dall’età tardo arcaica.
- 493 - Rebecca K. Schindler - Stefano Spiganti - Giampiero Bevagna - Pedar W. Foss. 2021. Report on the Excavations of the Gioiella-Vaiano Villa 2016-2019. Since 2015, the Trasimeno Archaeological Project has been investigating a Roman villa located between the localities of Gioiella and Vaiano in the territory of Castiglione del Lago. A preliminary surface survey of the site (2015) indicated that the villa was occupied from the 2nd century B.C. through the 3rd century A.D. While there is extensive evidence for an Etruscan presence in the region, the Gioiella-Vaiano Villa is the first Roman period site to be scientifically investigated. Of particular interest is understanding the changing role of the villa in the economic and social life of Central Italy from the mid- Republican to the late Imperial periods. Four seasons of excavation (2016-2019) has revealed a bath house with a partially preserved hypocaust system and a monumental nymphaeum with a water basin and walls decorated to look like the interior of a cave. Although systematic analysis of the finds has not yet been completed, preliminary observations indicate imported objects (e.g. decorative mar- bles and amphora) suggesting that in the early Imperial period the owners of the villa were wealthy and had access to net- works outside of Central Italy. Several brick stamps have been recovered with the name L.ATALLIANI, which may repre- sent an owner of the villa in the early Imperial period. It appears at least during the first centuries A.D. the villa served as a locus for economic production as well as for the display of social status and power.