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Excavation

  • Regio V, insula 3 (Casa della Soffitta, V,3,3-4; pistrinum V,3,8)
  • Pompei
  • Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum
  • Italy
  • Campania
  • Naples
  • Pompei

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Summary (English)

  • The building faces on to the Via Nola, occupying the south-eastern sector of the insula. The earliest phase of the complex dates to the end of the 3rd century B.C., as attested by the opus africanum walls of the fauces, atrium 11 and the viridarium 7. The final layout of the domus took shape in the second half of the 2nd century B.C. with the building of structures in limestone and lava opus incertum.

    This was an atrium house with central impluvium, tablinium (10) and cubicula (3 and 4) facing onto the eastern side of the atrium. The par postica was constituted by room 6 and a small space (14) entered by a small arched doorway. Traces of the wall and floor decoration in the I Style were documented. The building had an upper storey, which was accessed from room 9.

    Between the 1st century B.C. and the first half of the 1st century A.D., the complex underwent a series of changes, which transformed the domus into a pistrinum. The plan remained unaltered, but new structures, for bread making, were built in the existing rooms changing their function. In the atrium, the impluvium was transformed into a double tank for washing grain, and three millstones were positioned on a masonry base, surrounded by a paved floor. Room 2, a shop relating to the preceding domus, became the place where the bread was worked; the opening on the Via di Nola was blocked and the mixing machine and a work counter were installed. The oven was inserted into the south-east corner of the atrium.

    Following the earthquake of 62 A.D., the damaged parts of the building, mainly in the pars postica, were restructured. At the moment of the eruption in 79 A.D., substantial restoration work was taking place, particularly in room 2, as documented by the 2008 and 2009 excavations.

  • Anna Casellato - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia  

Director

  • Annapaola Zaccaria Ruggiu - Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia

Team

  • Chiara Maratini - Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia
  • Anna Casellato - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia

Research Body

  • Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità e del Vicino Oriente Antico

Funding Body

  • MIUR
  • Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità e del Vicino Oriente Antico

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