• Monte Iudica
  • Castel di Iudica
  • Ergezio? Ameselon? Noai? Imacara?
  • Italy
  • Sicily
  • Catania
  • Castel di Iudica


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  • No period data has been added yet


  • 700 BC - 1300 AD


    • Mt. Iudica is situated at the confluence of the rivers Dittaino and Gornalunga, in a position of absolute visual and strategic dominance over the Catania plain. It is occupied by the remains of an important, but still unknown indigenous settlement, Hellenized during the last quarter of the 6th century B.C. Already in the mid 6th century B.C., the settlement was flourishing, probably due to the growing trading contacts with the Calchidean colonies of eastern Sicily, Leontinoi being the most important. It is precisely the Calchidean expansion that means that the peace of the first half of the 6th century B.C. no longer continued. Indeed, the destruction and abandonment layers at Morgantina and Ramacca are a concrete example of the nature and cultural importance of the Calchidean advance in these territories. The process of Hellenisation in this anonymous centre is probably linked to these events, given that the colonial expansion must have followed the Gornalunga valley from east to west, towards Morgantina. The Calchideans’ need to control the indigenous inland centres and roads towards the interior is also attested by the construction of several _phrouria_ (military installations), like that identified on Mt. Turcisi, just east of Mt. Iudica, clearly functioning as a sentinel watching over the Catania plain, and the one probably present on Mt. Scapello, immediately north of Mt. Iudica.


    • I. Giordano, 2008, L’area archeologica di Monte Turcisi, in A. CUCUZZA, All’ombra del Paradiso.Storia di uomini e di santi nel territorio di Castel di Iudica, Belpasso (CT): 47-63.
    • A. Corretti., Monte Iudica, in BTCGI, X, Pisa – Roma: 377-380.
    • P. Orsi, Judica, in NSc 1904, p. 374.
    • P. Orsi, Monte Judica, in NSc 1907, pp. 489-491.
    • C. Pavone, 2008, Ricerche archeologiche sul MonteIudica, in A. CUCUZZA, All’ombra del Paradiso. Storia di uomini e di santi nel territorio di Castel di Iudica, Belpasso (CT): 31-45.
    • F. Privitera, Castel di Iudica: esplorazioni nell’abitato e nella necropoli sul Monte Iudica, in BCA Sicilia, vol. IX-X, n.3, pp. 85-89.
    • F. Privitera, Castel di Iudica. Scavi nel centro greco-indigeno sul Monte Iudica, in BCA Sicilia, N.S.AA. I e II, fasc. II, pp. 26-30.
    • F. Privitera, Scavi e ricerche nei comuni di Calatabiano e Fiumefreddo di Sicilia e nella necropoli di Monte Iudica, in Kokalos, XLIIIXLIV: 277-289.
    • F. Privitera, La necropoli di Monte Iudica dopo gli ultimi scavi, in Atti del convegno Dal Sikanikon all’Ellenikon. Riflessioni sugli ethne della Sicilia antica”, Palermo (4-6/12/2003).
    • F. Privitera, 2005, Valli del Gornalunga e del Dittaino, in F. PRIVITERA-U. SPIGO, Dall’ Alcantara agli Iblei. La ricerca archeologica in provincia di Catania, Palermo 2005: 106-107.
    • F. Privitera, Indagini nei comuni di Castel di Iudica, Valverde, Mascali, Maniace e nelle grotte di Catania, in Kokalos, XLVII-XLVIII: 519- 525.
    • F. Privitera, Monte Iudica in età arcaica, in Sicilia Arcaica: 88-90.