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  • S. Gaetano di Vada
  • Rosignano Marittimo
  • Vada Volaterrana
  • Italy
  • Tuscany
  • Province of Livorno
  • Rosignano Marittimo



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • This season, excavation continued in the area south of the bridge leading to the archaeological area.

    Building L, trench CXI. Work took place in the east sector, where a new part of the building was identified, constituted by a row of rooms aligned south-west/north-east. In the southern sector, a small necropolis with earth graves, “a cappucina” tombs and amphora burials, was identified.
    Building I, CXII. Work in the north-western and central sectors concentrated on room 1, in which there was a small oven, and rooms 7 and 5, the latter occupied by a late antique tomb. (Fig. 1).

    1.1. Building L-Room 9

    This room was east of room 8 with which it communicated.
    The excavations concentrated on the later phases: several artificial cuts were identified in the layer of broken tile US 50, already identified in rooms 8 and 9. One of the fills contained material datable to between the 5th and mid 7th century. An accumulation of small stones, showing signs of exposure to heat, was arranged in a small circle.
    Below this was the room’s late floor surface, constituted by numerous tile fragments, at the same level as the layer of tiles US 93 (loose foundation).

    US 50, dating to between the late 6th and early 7th century, contained fragments of reused marble slabs and the base of a Solomonic column, which perhaps came from the adjacent room 10, whose walls were faced with marble slabs. Therefore, a structure of some importance could have been abandoned and robbed between the 5th and 7th century and the materials partially reuse d in later restructuring.

    The excavation of the small necropolis, created between the late 5th and mid 6th century A.D. to the south-east of building L continued. Tomb 6 was an infant burial in a Keay 62 amphora, datable to between the late 5th and the first half of the 6th century A.D. An “a cappuccina” burial (tomb 4) attributable to the same phase contained the remains of a male between 35 and 45 years old.

    2.1. Building I

    Room 1
    Like the horrea, this structure was built in opus quadratum. It was constructed in the Augustan period, as attested by the chronology of the original floor of room 1, during the first half of the 1st century A.D. Later, it was cut by a small corn-drying oven. It seems likely that the building, situated along the road leading to the horrea, was a stopping place for those frequenting the port area. Between the second half of the 2nd century and the first half of the 3rd century, the oven went out of use and the floor was covered by a layer of pressed sand and clay.
    At the end of the 5th century A.D., the room was again restructured with the construction of a small space probably in relation to the building of an upper storey.

    Room 7 was characterised by a floor of compact sand and cobblestones on a loose foundation datable to the 2nd century A.D. Below lay another floor surface relating to the construction of building L and dating to between the late 1st and early 2nd century A.D.
    Room 5 was divided by a partition wall and re-floored. The earth grave of an adult male was cut into this floor and this burial may be coeval with the two enchytrismòs burials in room 7.

  • Simonetta Menchelli - Università degli Studi di Pisa Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere. 



  • Paolo Sangriso – Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere.
  • F. Bulzomì - Università di Pisa Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere
  • Stefano Genovesi – Università degli Studi di Pisa, Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere

Research Body

  • Università di Pisa Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere

Funding Body

  • Ineos Manufacturing Italia S.P.A.
  • Università di Pisa


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