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  • Fondo Casino
  • Cavallino
  • Italy
  • Apulia
  • Provincia di Lecce
  • Cavallino



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • In the area of Fondo Casino excavation continued in the residential quarter. Work concentrated on the area of building I1, which partially covered the east road. Investigations continued inside the portico area with the excavation of the collapse below which a yellowish layer came to light relating to the occupation level of the building.
    A threshold was exposed in wall 458 which had been closed with limestone blocks and wedges of the same material.This operation seemed to have taken place at the moment when wall 459 was constructed and the cobbled surface of the adjacent road was created, thus in the early phase the building did not have the porticoed area on the north side but faced directly onto an open space or a road.

    South of the new room, to the exterior, a beaten floor surface of crushed tufina was uncovered.
    In the new room, the removal of the collapse of stones from the walls revealed a collapse of roof tiles. This was fully documented and then removed. Below the first layer of tiles there was a second layer of collapse which overlay a floor of beaten earth mixed with crushed tufa. In front of building I1 a trench was dug in the road onto which it faced. Below the cobbled surface of the final phase of use a substantial beaten surface of tufa, tile, pottery and stone fragments was exposed. This was the earlier road surface.

    In the area of Fondo Casino 1, close to the entrance to the “Museo Diffuso”, exploration of the large building (H1) with its various occupation phases continued, as did investigation of the oikos H2.
    Following accurate cleaning of the area several sectors of building H1 were the object of closer examination. The external area east of the building was investigated. Three large pits were identified and excavated. They were full of tile which must have resulted from the cleaning of the area towards the end of the 4th century B.C., as attested by the pottery found with the tile. The collapses from this building were levelled, probably in order to render the terrain suitable for agriculture.

    Also to the east of the building a large courtyard paved with crushed tufina, gravel and limestone fragments was exposed. It covered a vast area surrounded by low walls built of small limestone blocks. This was part of the last occupation phase and was situated in front of the large portico which led into the interior of the house.

    The excavation area of the stone quarry situated to the east of building H1, already partially dug, was considerably enlarged. The trench was extended to the west in order to ascertain the overall length of the quarry which will be gradually emptied during the next excavation campaigns.
    The area of oikos H2 was extended to the north and this exposed the remains of a new room perhaps an adjoining oikos, given the similar construction technique. Inside oikos H2 a well preserved crushed tufa floor was exposed. As well as the cooking stand uncovered the previous year a hearth was found in the structure’s north-eastern corner.

  • Francesco D'Andria - Università del Salento, Dipartimento di Beni Culturali 
  • Corrado Notario - Università del Salento 



  • Gian Paolo Ciongoli - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Puglia

Research Body

  • Università del Salento, Dipartimento di Beni Culturali

Funding Body

  • A.C.R.I. (Associazione delle Casse di Risparmio Italiane)
  • Comune di Cavallino
  • Regione Puglia


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