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  • Situl arheologic de la Petreştii de Jos - Cheile Turzii - ,,Peştera Ungurească, Peştera Binder"
  • Petreştii de Jos



    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

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    Summary (English)

    • The new archaeological research at Cheile Turzii in 2003 was focused on the following aims and issues: investigation of the Epipalaeolithic and Palaeolithic levels for a correct evaluation in order to start an interdisciplinary research in this very interesting site together with Professor Paolo Biagi, Ph.D. from Venice University, Italy; the destructions made by people who are looking for antiquities in the area; raw material sources from the area, flint, stones, pigments used for painting the pottery; completing the information provided by N. Vlassa in Cheile Turzii area and publishing all materials. We have organized a survey at ‘Cariera de alabastru’ and a small excavation at ‘Peştera Ungurească’. In ‘Peştera Ungurească’ or ‘Peştera caprelor’ there are many disturbances, made over the time, by different amateurs and archaeologists. The cave contains several remains dating to the Early and Middle Ages, the Roman period, the Bronze Age, the Coţofeni culture, the horizon with “Scheibenhenkel”, the Petreşti culture, the Epipalaeolithic and the Palaeolithic. We have cleaned a profile to obtain enough samples for the analysis of the organic materials and for the dating, in order to start an interdisciplinary research here in the next years. Archaeologists and students conducted the excavations. All the earth obtained was brought down in the valley, near the cottage, where we sifted it. This way we obtained a large amount of archaeological material, very small bones as well as tools and jewels. We have now a large collection of charcoal and small mammals’ bones. More sherds belong to the “Scheibenhenkel” horizon (82%). We made a statistical analysis regarding the composition and colour of the pottery. We also discovered a few tools (made of stone, flint, copper, etc.), mainly in a secondary position. Our research brings into discussion a large number of jewels, made of stone, shell and gold. Most of them are beads, but there are also three golden thin plates. We suppose that the gold was obtained from the Arieş River, which is close to Cheile Turzii.



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