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Excavation

  • Kanali rockshelter.
  • Acroceraunian Mountains.
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    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • The rock shelter is located within a concavity along the foot of a small limestone cliff. The resulting vertical overhang forms an irregular elongate shelter of c. 8 m wide and c. 2.5 m deep, creating a ceiling that rises from 0.8 m in the south-east to over 2.8 m in the north-west. The surrounding limestone is a heavily eroded, poorly sorted conglomerate. Along the foot of the scarp, there is a natural terrace of gently sloping ground, forming a relatively flat apron in front of the shelter.

      A 6 m by 2 m trench was excavated within the rock shelter along with a second trench, measuring 6 m by 0.5 m, extending out from the rock shelter to the terrace edge. A total of 25 deposits were recorded, including hearth features and large pit. The earliest stratified cultural deposits relate to a large pit feature contained a few small animal bone fragments and pottery shards of a Bronze Age date. Pottery fragments associated with three ash deposits and a hearth were of late- or post-medieval date and overlain by a rough stone floor containing a grave cut dating to the Second World War.

      From the basal units of the second trench along the terrace edge over 120 struck flints were recorded. Of these, 16 were blades with an average size of 2 cm in length while medium-sized flakes, up to 2 cm in length formed the largest category, with 36 examples. Some of these pieces had been retouched to form scrapers and awls and there were also a number of burins. A number of the smallest blades (microliths) were also retouched and probably date to the Upper Mesolithic. Two core fragments, a number of retouching flakes and debitage were also recorded, suggesting that flint working may have taken place on the edge of the terrace nearby. The assemblage is indicative of active flint knapping, with the objective of the reduction strategy to produce small flakes, used as blanks for the manufacture of retouched tools. The location of the site forms a natural vantage point, sitting on the edge of the elevated terrace overlooking the valley bottom, and may well have formed a strategic location for the exploitation of wetland resources.

    • Dave Bescoby - Institute of World Archaeology, The Sainsbury Institute 

    Director

    • Ilir Gjipali - Instituti i Arkeologjisë Tiranë, Departamenti i Prehistorisë (Albanian Institute of Archaeology, Department of Prehistory)
    • Karen Francis - CgMs-Consulting Planning and Development, Archaeology and Historic Buildings

    Team

    • Jerry O’Dwyer - Butrint Foundation
    • Rovena Kurti - Instituti i Arkeologjisë Tiranë, Departamenti i Prehistorisë (Albanian Institute of Archaeology, Department of Prehistory)
    • Rudenc Ruka

    Research Body

    • IWA - Institute of World Archaeology, University of East Anglia
    • Instituti Arkeologjik Tiranë (Albanian Institute of Archaeology)

    Funding Body

    • Packard Humanities Institute
    • The Institute for Aegean Prehistory

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