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Excavation

  • S. Pietro di Villamagna
  • Villamagna
  • Villa Magna

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    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • In the winery, excavation aimed at determining the limits of the building. To the south of the winery the search for the entrance to the imperial stair – designed to allow the emperor’s litter to be carried up to the press room – revealed a long corridor connected to a bath suite with, so far, a small peristyle court leading to a round laconicum. The corridor was as elegantly decorated as the stair, with veneers in Portasanta and Numidian marble and moldings in Luni marble. On the other three sides of the building vaulted substructures were explored, probably intended to hold the dolia in which the wine was fermented. While it had long been known that the site was reoccupied by the medieval village of Villamagna, new this year is the discovery, based on abundant Forum Ware, that this dates to the ninth century. A small oven was found in one of the subterranean vaults, while a series of huts, first sunken-floored and then timber-built, occupied the area of the peristyle from the ninth through the twelfth centuries.

      Excavation at the site of the barracks was completed, two blocks of rooms opening onto a small alley with a central drain. Along with the dolia, hearths and querns discovered last year, a number of infants buried under the floors can be taken as proof of the occupation of the space by family units; in two cases these were multiple burials separated by tiles. X-rays of the bone mass suggested that the infants were notably undernourished. The building collapsed around the time of Constantine. A reoccupation towards the end of the fourth century came to a close by the middle of the fifth.

      At the monastery, excavation of the cemetery brought the total of burials to over 400: anthropological work on these has begun in earnest, with a team of four and the participation of Janet Monge of the University Museum as consultant. Under the cemetery and the remains of the monastic garden is emerging a large paved courtyard dating to the beginning of the villa. The church was constructed directly on top of this, probably in the sixth century, over the foundations of a Roman building. Also fronting onto the piazza is what we interpret as a façade of the imperial residence, whose extension to the north is covered by the monastic buildings. Here again, reoccupation appears to date to the ninth century A.D., although its exact form will be established in the final excavation next year. The form of the thirteenth-century cloister has now been firmly established: built over a cistern with funnel-shaped inlets into its cross-vaulted roof, it combines a cloister courtyard with a substantial impluvium.

    Director

    • Andrew Wallace Hadrill - The British School at Rome
    • Elizabeth Fentress
    • Sandra Gatti - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Lazio

    Team

    • Francesca Candillo
    • Caroline Goodson - Birkbeck, University of London
    • Marco Maiuro - Columbia University
    • Andrew Dufton - L - P : Archaeology
    • Andrea Di Miceli
    • Archidio Mariani
    • Darian Totten - Stanford University
    • Dirk Booms
    • Margaret Andrews - University of Pennsylvania
    • Megan McNamee
    • Raffaele Laino
    • Serena Privitera

    Research Body

    • Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica
    • Department of Art History, University of Pennsylvania
    • Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Lazio
    • The British School at Rome

    Funding Body

    • Banca di Credito Cooperativo di Anagni
    • The 1984 Foundation

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