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Excavation

  • S. Pietro di Villamagna
  • Villamagna
  • Villa Magna

    Tools

    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • The full season, though, covered June and July, and aimed at the completion of all the catalogues.

      At Site B, where the church and monastery of S. Pietro di Villamagna has been excavated by Caroline Goodson, the Roman and Late Roman hases were revealed beneath the cemetery and monastic deposits. The earliest deposit is a paving of white paving stones covering almost the whole area of the excavation. This was clearly a courtyard in front of one of the buildings on the estate, whose facade is visible in the section of the trench. Into this paved area in the third century was constructed a brick building with the same plan as the later church. Too early to be identified as a church, it may be a ceremonial structure, or a temple dedicated to the imperial cult. However, a series of burials, including two flanking the door, suggest that during the fifth century it was transformed into a church. In the sixth century the building was removed to foundation level, and a new church built on the same plan, although with three doors in the front facade rather than a single central one. Within the portico surrounding the great court a cella vinaria was established with at least eight large dolia whose pits are visible in two rows: pottery and coins allow us to attribute both events to the second half of the sixth century, probably under the Byzantine emperor Justinian.

      South of the winery the excavation of the dense sequence of huts that covered atrium the bath building was completed. Although little was left of the decoration, the collapsed marble from the monumental corridor of the baths excavated last year was reconstructed by Dirk Booms to give a complete reconstruction of the wall veneers. The water supply of the villa was also investigated, both in a small cistern that served as a castellum divisoriu and at a monumental fountain between the slave barracks and the villa. Finally, an amphitheatre, clearly visible on a RAF air photograph was investigated by magnetometry, with ambiguous results.

      The over 500 individuals from the cemetery have now been catalogued, aged, sexed and measured: they are stored in Anagni for future research, the preliminary catalogues of the architectural
      fragments, sculpture, pottery and other finds are also complete. We hope to complete the publication of the site within the next year.

    • Elizabeth Fentress 

    Director

    Team

    • Francesca Candilio - Sapienza Università di Roma
    • Erika Range - Institute of Archaeology, UCL
    • Caroline Goodson - Birkbeck, University of London
    • Marco Maiuro - Columbia University
    • Giorgio Rascaglia - Universita’ di Roma I La Sapienza
    • Mihaela Ciaucescu - British Museum
    • Andrea Di Miceli
    • Corisande Fenwick - Stanford University
    • Darian Totten - Stanford University
    • Ismini Miliaresis - University of Virginia
    • Margaret Andrews - University of Pennsylvania
    • Raffaele Laino
    • Serena Privitera

    Research Body

    • Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica
    • Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Lazio
    • The British School at Rome
    • University of Pennsylvania

    Funding Body

    • Banca di Credito Cooperativo di Anagni
    • The 1984 Foundation

    Images

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