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  • Redaka 2 Cave
  • Salash



    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

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    Summary (English)

    • REDAKA 2 CAVE (Aleta Guadelli –, Jean-Luc Guadelli) An Upper Paleolithic sequence was explored and traces from two hearths were documented. The upper one was probably related to Stratum 4t.p. and dated between 27,905 and 27,066 cal BC. The second hearth was situated within the context of stratum 4sv.b.; a decorated bone awl was discovered in the hearth, along with the characteristic flint artifacts. In case that the date of the lower part of Stratum 4: 41,086 – 39,751 cal BC, was confirmed, then the awl would be among the earliest decorated objects known in Europe. The flint artifacts included retouched plates. The site was peculiar with the significant amount of bones from foxes, which were selected and had cut marks. Middle Paleolithic Strata 5 and 6 were explored, containing mainly faunal remains with traces of digestive juices and teeth of hyenas. Only 3.13 % of the animal bones had traces with anthropic origins: mostly cutting and burning. Sporadic flint artifacts were also discovered. The cave was used as a seasonal hunting camp during the Upper Paleolithic period, with hunt of foxes being a probable priority. The cave was also sporadically visited by humans during the Middle Paleolithic period, when it was intensively occupied by hyenas.

    • Aleta Guadelli - Archaeological Institute with Museum 


    • Jean-Luc Guadelli - PACEA/IPGQ–UMR CNRS 5199, Université Bordeaux I


    Research Body

    • Archaeological Institute with Museum
    • Université Bordeaux I

    Funding Body


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