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Excavation

  • Redaka 2 Cave
  • Salash
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    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • REDAKA 2 CAVE (Aleta Guadelli – aleta.guadelli@gmail.com, Jean-Luc Guadelli, Ivailo Krumov, Nikolai Sirakov) Sondages III and IV were connected with the new Sondage V situated in trenches D3 and D4. The lithostratigraphic units (from 1 to 4) documented in trench V were the same ones as in trench IV. The concentration of animal bones in layer 4 was less in the three sondages carried out from 2008 onwards, than in the preceding sondages carried out in the cave interior. The flint artifacts were more numerous in the sectors located close to the entrance of the cave. In 2010, the flint artifacts originated mostly from layer 4. The diagnostic finds were predominantly flakes and cores, which indicated a developed technology for production of flakes. The flint assemblages from layer 4 were related to the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic period. A presumable fragment from a bone awl, related to the earliest phase of Kozarnika Culture, was found in layer 4. Only two radiocarbon dates from sondage I are available so far: 38170+/–490 ВР for layer 4 and 46000 BP for layer 5. The bones from predators were a bit more numerous than the bones from herbivorous and included Vulpes vulpes, Canis lupus, Crocuta crocuta spelaea, Bovinae, Artiodactyla and Capra cf. caucasica. The osteological material confirmed that the cave was a lair of hyenas.

    • Aleta Guadelli - Archaeological Institute with Museum 
    • Jean-Luc Guadelli - PACEA/IPGQ–UMR CNRS 5199, Université Bordeaux I 
    • Ivailo Krumov - Museum of History - Belogradchik 
    • Nikolai Sirakov - Archaeological Institute with Museum 

    Director

    Team

    Research Body

    • Archaeological Institute with Museum
    • Museum of History - Belogradchik
    • Université Bordeaux I

    Funding Body

    Images

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