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  • Redaka 2 Cave
  • Salash



    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

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    Summary (English)

    • REDAKA 2 CAVE (Aleta Guadelli –, Jean-Luc Guadelli, Nikolai Sirakov) The explorations of the Upper Paleolithic layers continued and the same lithostratigraphic complexes were documented, as those specified during the previous excavations. Two hearths were discovered under the large stone piece that had collapsed from the ceiling of the cave. The flint artifacts included points and small plates typical of the Gravettian Culture. A bone awl was found and it indicated that the material from the lower layers of Stratum 4 could be related to the earliest phase of the Kozarnika Culture. Bones from the following species were found: Felis silvestris, Crocuta crocuta spelaea, Vulpes vulpes, Ursus spelaeus, Megaloceros giganteus, Cervus elaphus, Bison priscus and Equus caballus cf. germanicus. There were numerous bones with traces from hyena. A tooth was found, probably from Homo sapiens, and it had traces from the digestive system of hyena. The spatial analysis of the finds supported the hypothesis about multiple visits in the cave, probably carried out by groups of hunters during the early and later phases of the Upper Paleolithic period (probably during 39 – 36 Ka BP).

    • Aleta Guadelli - Archaeological Institute with Museum 
    • Jean-Luc Guadelli - PACEA/IPGQ–UMR CNRS 5199, Université Bordeaux I 
    • Nikolai Sirakov - Archaeological Institute with Museum 



    Research Body

    • Archaeological Institute with Museum
    • Université Bordeaux I

    Funding Body


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