Fasti Online Home | Switch To Fasti Archaeological Conservation | Survey


  • Redaka 2 Cave
  • Salash
  • Bulgaria
  • Vidin
  • Belogradchik



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • REDAKA 2 CAVE (Aleta Guadelli –, Jean-Luc Guadelli, Nikolai Sirakov, Ivailo Krumov) The explorations of the Upper Paleolithic layers in Stratum 4b continued in Sectors DE/5-6. There were finds from the Middle and the Upper Paleolithic periods in the lower part of Stratum 4b: Upper Paleolithic flint plates and two Middle Paleolithic nuclei with Levallois features. The discovered bones belonged to ox (Bovinae), deer (Cervidae), including reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), hyenas (Crocuta crocuta spelaea), a fox (Vulpes vulpes) and a cave bear (Ursus spelaeus). The taphonomic study showed that a significant part (28.40%) of the bone fragments had traces indicating that they were consumed by hyenas and only 1.95% had traces from human activity. The data showed that one and the same cave was visited by hunters and hyenas at relatively short intervals in the period from 39/36 to 25 ka BP.

  • Aleta Guadelli - Archaeological Institute with Museum 
  • Nikolai Sirakov - Archaeological Institute with Museum 
  • Jean-Luc Guadelli - PACEA/IPGQ–UMR CNRS 5199, Université Bordeaux I 
  • Ivailo Krumov - Museum of History - Belogradchik 



Research Body

  • Archaeological Institute with Museum
  • Museum of History - Belogradchik
  • Université Bordeaux I

Funding Body


  • file_image[PDF]
  • file_image[PDF]