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Excavation

  • Masseria De Carolis
  • Masseria De Carolis
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    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • The 2010 campaign concentrated on the southern side of the site where the heated rooms of the baths and the courtyard in front of them are situated. The excavation inside the calidarium “e” defined almost its complete perimeter. The stratigraphy was heavily disturbed by building work undertaken at the time of the site’s discovery in 1988. Despite this the hypocaust floor was discovered, already robbed in antiquity. Some of the sesquipedales were stamped “DVO DOM”, showing that they were produced in the kilns of the brothers Domitius Lucanus and Domitius Tullus, active between 60 and 93/94 A.D. Considering that the entire construction was built above the 79 A.D. ashes it is possible to date the entire structure to between 79 and 93/94 A.D. This data is of particular importance for the understanding of resettlement in the Vesuvian area following the 79 A.D. eruption.

      The courtyard south of the baths, paved in opus signinum, was also excavated. Here the stratigraphy was less disturbed by the 1988 intervention and still preserved a thick volcanoclastic layer from the 472 A.D. eruption. Below this two infant burials, placed close to each other, in amphora (LRA1 with titulus pictus, Keay LII), were found. DNA analysis is being carried out in order to discover any relationship between the two.

    • Girolamo F. De Simone - St. John’s College, University of Oxford  

    Director

    • Antonio De Simone - Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli
    • Umberto Pappalardo - Università degli Studi "Suor Orsola Benincasa" di Napoli

    Team

    • Gaetana Boemio - Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli
    • Gaetano Di Pasquale - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
    • Marielva Torino - Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Caterina Serena Martucci
    • Monica Lubrano - Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli
    • Nicola De Carlo - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Rocco Mitro - Università degli Studi della Basilicata
    • Rossella Cannella - Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli
    • Yvona Trnka-Amrhein - Harvard University
    • Annamaria Perrotta - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
    • Claudio Scarpati - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

    Research Body

    • Oxford University
    • Università degli Studi “Suor Orsola Benincasa” di Napoli

    Funding Body

    • Comune di Pollena Trocchia

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