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  • Masseria De Carolis
  • Masseria De Carolis



    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

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    Summary (English)

    • The excavation concentrated on the northern slope, corresponding with the service sector of the baths, and on the south slope where the actual bath structures and the open area in front of them stood. The excavation of the area south of caldarium e (situated in the westernmost part of the excavation area) confirmed that the stratigraphy had been badly disturbed by work undertaken with a mechanical digger in the 1980s. In fact, the presence of an accumulation of ancient material, disturbed first with the remains of a burial and later again by modern work was documented. The burial reused a bipedales robbed from the structure. Mainly cranium fragments remained of the skeleton. A large bone pin was also found. The burial’s original position was probably not far from the two infant amphora burials found slightly further to the east, during the 2010 campaign. The guidelines for the construction of the calidarium walls were visible on the hypocaust floor. To the south, the position of these lines indicated that the wall delimiting this room on that side was not on the same axis as those of adjacent rooms d and b, but further forward. To the west of the baths was an area of opus signinum paving, largely obliterated by rubbish dumped there in 1988. In the north-western corner, a well /cistern curb came to light, buried by the material from the eruption of 472 A.D. The well/cistern was internally and externally faced with opus signinum and had a cylindrical opening with an internal diameter of 1.16 m, which opened into a quadrangular space covered by a barrel vault.

      The well/cistern, only excavated to a limited depth, was filled with deposits from the 472 A.D. eruption. At the base of the well-curb, four small symmetrically arranged holes were identified in the opus signinum floor, that probably served to sustain a structure, perhaps mobile, related to the well itself. The trenches dug in the northern part of the site, already investigated in earlier seasons, confirmed the absence of architectural structures and finds within the layer of eruptive material from 472 A.D. Therefore, it may be suggested that this was an external area leading towards the service rooms of the baths. The level of the 79 A.D. eruption was reached in one of the trenches excavated on the north-western edge. This level had been previously identified and partially investigated in a trench put into the praefurnium f. The trench north of f and east of the cistern i revealed part of what was probably a service room.

    • Girolamo F. De Simone - St. John’s College, University of Oxford  


    • Antonio De Simone - Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli
    • Umberto Pappalardo - Università degli Studi "Suor Orsola Benincasa" di Napoli


    • Monica Lubrano - Università Suor Orsola Benincasa di Napoli
    • Caterina Serena Martucci
    • Marielva Torino - Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Maria Rosaria Vairo - Università del Salento
    • Alessandra De Luca - Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Nicola De Carlo - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Sanda Heinz - University of Oxford
    • Santa Sannino - Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Annamaria Perrotta - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
    • Claudio Scarpati - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

    Research Body

    • Oxford University
    • Università degli Studi “Suor Orsola Benincasa” di Napoli

    Funding Body

    • Comune di Pollena Trocchia


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