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Excavation

  • Masseria De Carolis
  • Masseria De Carolis
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    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • This season’s excavations were concentrated on three fronts: the western side, close to the well/cistern; along the entire northern side that is the area providing access to the service area; and in the eastern area, with the rooms leading into the baths.
      The well/cistern is situated west of the baths in an area paved in opus signinum and bordered to the north by a low wall, almost completely razed in the final occupation phase before the 472 A.D eruption. The south and east walls were wider and served to separate the service area (north) from the courtyard in front of the baths (south). These walls were largely destroyed by illegal activity with construction machinery in 1988. During the latest excavation campaign, work continued to empty the well/cistern of the volcanic deposits from the 472 A.D. eruption.
      The area north of the baths provided access to the service rooms. Here, in the entrance to the first praefurnium g, excavation revealed the presence of a thick ashy fill from the 79 A.D. eruption underlying the foundations of the bath building. Finds datable to the 1st century A.D., in particular several fresco fragments that probably decorated another villa close to the bath building, were recovered from both above and below the layer of ash.

      A substantial accumulation of archaeological materials was found along the north wall of the service rooms. These were mainly pottery fragments from vessels used for the processing, storage and eating of food and for use in the baths. The removal of this late antique dump revealed a ramp that led up to one of the service rooms.

      Excavations took place on two fronts in the eastern area of the site. In the southernmost part, the modern deposits still covering the ancient walls were removed revealing the presence of a passageway to the frigidarium. Part of the volcanic material from the 472 A.D. eruption was removed from the apodyterium in the central part of the east front. This revealed the crest of a room in the east section, which based on the vertical stratigraphy and construction technique could be one of the residential rooms of the villa annexed to the baths and predating them.

    • Girolamo F. De Simone - St. John’s College, University of Oxford  

    Director

    • Antonio De Simone - Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Umberto Pappalardo - Università degli Studi "Suor Orsola Benincasa" di Napoli

    Team

    • Caterina Serena Martucci
    • Vincenzo Castaldo – Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Glen Keeton – Monmouth University
    • Halinka Di Lorenzo – Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
    • Maria Rosaria Vairo - Università del Salento
    • Sanda Heinz - University of Oxford
    • Santa Sannino - Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli
    • Annamaria Perrotta - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
    • Claudio Scarpati - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

    Research Body

    • University of Oxford
    • Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
    • Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli

    Funding Body

    • Associazione Apolline Onlus
    • Comune di Pollena Trocchia

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