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Excavation

  • Regio V, insula 3 (Casa della Soffitta, V,3,3-4; pistrinum V,3,8)
  • Pompei
  • Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum

    Tools

    Credits

    • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

      MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

      ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

      AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

    • AIAC_logo logo

    Summary (English)

    • During the 2008 campaign two trenches were dug whilst the study of buildings V,3,8, V,3,10 and V,4,6-8 was being undertaken.

      Trench 1 was dug in the centre of area P/A 59 in the Casa della soffitta (V, 3, 3-4). The excavation aimed to gain an understanding of the phases relating to the garden layout and of the building’s construction in general. The deepest layers showed a first phase of natural deposits. These were followed by substantial interventions for the laying out of the postica area and the garden, which occurred between the end of the 2nd century B.C. and the first century A.D. (holes for tree planting, traces of substantial layers of levelling and dumping).

      Trench 2 was dug in the western sector of room 2/A 60, situated to the east of the entrance behind the bread-oven in the domus which was refitted as the bakery V,3,8. The excavation aimed to define the phases of the installation of a bakery in a private house and in particular of the room behind it whose function was unknown. In fact, modern interventions had only partially removed the volcanic material of 79 A.D. Below the layers of primary and secondary deposition the structures necessary for the functioning of the bakery came to light: the dough-making machine (in a fairly good state of preservation) and the supports for the surfaces on which the dough was worked. These structures related to the moment of the bakery’s installation within a private house of the Samnite era, datable to the first half of the 1st century A.D. In 79 A.D. restoration work was being undertaken, of which clear evidence was found in the room (heaps of lime, floors in the process of being laid, signs of reinforcements for the walls). This evidence was sealed by the collapse (within which a number of containers lying on the floor were found) and the pumice from the eruption.

      Alongside the excavations work continued on the digitalization of the data from the stratigraphic deposits, the architectural complexes and finds. The excavation GIS, to date applied to the evidence from insulae 7 and 14 of Regio VI and the first results from Regio V, identifies every archaeological element (stratigraphic units, structural elements and architectural complex) and class of material (potter, plaster, coins, bone, metal, glass, charcoal, samples, inscriptions). A platform has been developed which has the ability to make choices on a typological and chronological basis, highlighting themes and trends in distribution (for example, representation of the data by phases, visualization of finds distribution in quantative percentages, the position of datable materials, the identification of structures according to building techniques) and to elaborate themed maps to characterise the area under examination, both on a general level (such as spatial distribution, the correct identification of structures necessary for the functioning of production complexes), and in detail (analysis and division into periods of the in situ evidence, analysis of the wall paintings, identification of features linked to production technology and commerce).

    • Annapaola Zaccaria Ruggiu - Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia 
    • Chiara Maratini - Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia 

    Director

    Team

    • Andrea Starace - Università degli Studi del Salento, Lecce
    • Maura Marella - Università degli Studi di Milano
    • Daniela Cottica - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
    • Luana Toniolo - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
    • Anna Casellato - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
    • Doroty Zagato - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
    • Martina Ballarin - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
    • Sofia Turk - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia
    • Stefano Redigolo - Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia

    Research Body

    • Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità e del Vicino Oriente Antico

    Funding Body

    • MIUR

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