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  • San Martino del Piano
  • Fossombrone
  • Forum Sempronii
  • Italy
  • The Marches
  • Pesaro and Urbino
  • Fossombrone



  • The Italian Database is the result of a collaboration between:

    MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali - Direzione Generale per i Beni Archeologici),

    ICCD (Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione) and

    AIAC (Associazione Internazionale di Archeologia Classica).

  • AIAC_logo logo

Summary (English)

  • Domus di Europa. The excavation concentrated on the western part of the domus, alongside the via “dei _seviri_”. The wall closing the western rooms off the domus towards the south was completely exposed, and excavation of the room, identified as a fullonica during previous campaigns, completed. Layers of compact ash and yellowish clay were present, containing interesting materials dating to the early imperial period, such as two lamps of the FIRMALAMPE type, one stamped CRESCES, and the other FORTIS, a fragment of an Arretine cup decorated with acanthus spirals, a bronze key, and a bronze buckle.
    Sector IV. Along the decumanus minor, and immediately north of it, the remains of a portico fronting the street and the shops inside it were found in previous campaigns. The shops abutted the main structure in this insula, the Great Baths. During its excavation, 44 late antique burials were uncovered, set into the ruins of the Roman structures. Most of the skeletal remains were removed in 2012 and examined by Prof. Pietro Gobbi at the University of Urbino.

    All the burials were in poorly made “a cappucina” tombs, mostly facing south perpendicular to the road. The layout of the burials seemed chaotic, but there was evidence to suggest they were divided into family groups. Among the burials were four “double” tombs, probably “matrimonial”, and a number of reductions. The “double” tombs saw the contemporary deposition of a man and woman, whose remains were placed in a position recalling the nuptial bed: the man always on the right and the woman slightly above the man with her head facing him.

    The people buried here were on average 180 cm tall (men) and 170 cm tall (women) and ate a vegetarian diet rich in fibre. There were no traces of trauma caused by violent death, while the percentage of children and adolescents compared to adults was high. The burials contained no grave goods, but a number of very worn 4th century A.D. bronze coins were found in the fill of some. Burial 44 provided important dating evidence, an infant buried inside a Gaza amphora, datable to between 490 and 650 A.D. Therefore, it can be suggested that the necropolis dates to the 6th century A.D., a very turbulent period for the Italian peninsula and the middle Adriatic territory in particular, due to the Greco-Gothic War of 535-553 A.D. Further confirmation came from the fact that the burials were set into the layer of collapsed buildings, that is, the city was already in ruins and more or less abandoned.

  • Oscar Mei - Università di Urbino, Dipartimento di Scienze del Testo e del Patrimonio Culturale 
  • Mario Luni - Università degli Studi di Urbino, Istituto di Archeologia e Storia dell’Arte Antica 



  • Cecilia Longarini
  • Giancarlo Gori - Museo di Fossombrone
  • Laura Invernizzi
  • Massimo Gasparini - AION Soc. Coop.
  • Chiara Delpino - Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Marche

Research Body

  • Università di Urbino

Funding Body

  • Comune di Fossombrone


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