In the last decade, the University of Amsterdam has continued the archaeological research in the ancient city of Satricum, concentrating in particular on three areas: Poggio dei Cavallari, the area of the presumed agger at the eastern limit of the city, and the acropolis.
Poggio dei Cavallari. 140 meters of wall were discovered in this area, datable to the end of the 6th-beginning of the 5th century BC, and interpreted as foundation for the road which led to the acropolis of the city. At the sides of the street lay pit tombs of the 5th century BC.
Area of the presumed agger. Among the most interesting discoveries is one layer which contains materials of the 3rd century BC, which confirm the occupation of Satricum in this period. Up until now the occupation at this time was known only thanks to the materials of a votive deposit.
The acropolis. In this place in the city were discovered different tracts of wall dating to 540 BC and oriented as those of the temple of Mater Matuta, and a series of column bases, probably belonging to a monumental structure of still unknown function. On the border of the hill were moreover brought to light a pile of irregular blocks, with the probable function of defense of the acropolis.
Among the most important discoveries should be noted a collapse of tiles, at the bottom of which rest almost completely reconstructable vases from the 5th century BC, among them a large skyphos, an Etruscan amphora, the foot of an Attic kylix, a black gloss bowl, a small footed cup, a loom weight, fragments of a bowl with “corda e bugnata” decoration and many fragments of a single dolium. According to the interpretation of scholars, these could be the remains of valuable tomb furnishings conserved within a dolium, at the bottom of the 3rd century BC building; furnishings perhaps relative to the tomb of an important person, a sort of heroon, of which memory was preserved still in the 3rd century BC.
- Marijke Gnade - AAC-Università di Amsterdam
- Fondazione "Utopa"
- Università di Amsterdam
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